Hergt, Janet M; Hawkesworth, Chris J (1994): Pb-, Sr-, and Nd-isotopic composition of basaltic rocks from the Lau Basin. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.793074, Supplement to: Hergt, JM; Hawkesworth, CJ (1994): Pb-, Sr-, and Nd-isotopic evolution of the Lau Basin: Implications for mantle dynamics during backarc opening. In: Hawkins, J; Parson, L; Allan, J; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 135, 505-517, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.135.142.1994
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New Pb, Sr, and Nd isotope data are presented for 64 samples from the six backarc sites drilled during Leg 135. Systematic changes in Pb and Sr compositions illustrate significant isotopic variations between and within sites as well as provide two key pieces of information. First, a recent influx of asthenosphere with Indian Ocean mantle affinities has occurred and has successfully displaced older "Pacific" asthenosphere from the mantle underlying the backarc region. Second, clear evidence exists for mixing between these two asthenospheric end-members and at least one "arc-like" component. The latter was not the same as most material currently erupting in the Tofua Arc, but it must have had a more radiogenic Pb-isotope signature, perhaps similar to rocks analyzed from the islands of Tafahi, and Niuatoputapu. A comparison between the isotopic variations and the tectonic setting of the drill sites reveals consistent and important information regarding the mantle dynamics beneath the evolving backarc basin. We propose a model in which the source of upwelling magmas changes from Pacific to Indian Ocean asthenosphere with the propagation of seafloor spreading, a model with important implications for the rate of mantle influx into this region. Although the chemistries of backarc magmas have been profoundly influenced by this process, an additional consequence is the advection of Indian Ocean asthenosphere into the sub-arc mantle source. The isotopic compositions of arc rocks from the vicinity have been reevaluated on the basis of the proposed mantle advection model. We suggest that the slab-derived flux of trace elements into the arc wedge has remained relatively uniform with time (i.e., ~40 Ma), so that the change in arc chemistry results from mantle source substitution, rather than from differences in the composition of the downgoing plate.
Median Latitude: -19.584880 * Median Longitude: -177.030463 * South-bound Latitude: -20.827000 * West-bound Longitude: -177.862000 * North-bound Latitude: -18.501000 * East-bound Longitude: -176.500000
Date/Time Start: 1990-12-23T20:39:00 * Date/Time End: 1991-01-24T00:40:00
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Hergt, JM; Hawkesworth, CJ (1994): (Table 1) Pb, Sr, and Nd isotope ratios for basaltic unit samples from ODP Leg 135. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.793072
- Hergt, JM; Hawkesworth, CJ (1994): (Table 2) Major and trace element composition of basaltic unit samples from ODP Leg 135. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.793073