Skolotnev, Sergey G; Peive, A A; Belyatsky, Boris V (2006): Geochemical and isotopic composition of basalts from the axial Mid-Atlantic Ridge, South Atlantic. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.790397, Supplement to: Skolotnev, SG et al. (2006): Geochemical and isotopic features of basalts in the axial Mid-Atlantic Ridge near the Martin Vaz Fracture Zone, South Atlantic (19°-20° S). Doklady Earth Sciences, 407A(3), 401-407, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1028334X06030135
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One of the essential problems of oceanic tectonics is estimation of the influence of plumes of the deep hot mantle on processes in the axial spreading zone. Areas of two giant (St. Helena and Tristan da Cunha) plumes in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) rift zone (South Atlantic) are characterized by the effusion of basalts that differ from typical depleted riftogenic tholeiites by anomalously high contents of lithophile components and specific isotopic compositions. Moreover, the rift valley floor with basalt effusion is significantly uplifted above the adjacent sectors of the rift.
The formation of the St. Helena Seamount located 400 km east of the MAR axis is related to magmatism that is active to this day. St. Helena Island is a member of the structural ensemble of large volcanic seamounts (Bonaparte, Bagration, and Kutuzov). Like St. Helena Island, each seamount incorporates a series of smaller rises of different morphologies and dimensions. Thus, a system of subparallel series of NE-trending (~45°) rises extend from the seamount ensemble to the African continent. According to the plate tectonics concept, the seamount series represent hotspots related to a deep mantle plume that can be projected onto the present-day St. Helena Island area (St. Helena plume). At the same time, the inferred topographic map based on satellite altimetry data shows that the seamount series also extend along the opposite southwestern direction (~225°) toward the axial MAR and even intersect the latter structure. This fact cannot be explained by the hotspot hypothesis, which suggests stationary positions of plumes relative to the mobile oceanic plate. In the course of Cruise 10 of the R/V Akademik Ioffe (2002), detailed geological and geophysical investigations were carried out at the junction of one structural series with the MAR rift zone located near the Martin Vaz Fracture Zone (Martin Vaz test area, 19°-20° S). The present communication is devoted to the study of lithology, geochemistry, and isotopy of basalts dredged at the test area.
Median Latitude: -11.829683 * Median Longitude: -20.414460 * South-bound Latitude: -12.075000 * West-bound Longitude: -21.200000 * North-bound Latitude: -11.491700 * East-bound Longitude: -20.000000
Date/Time Start: 2002-01-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-01-01T00:00:00