Romero, Oscar E; Mohtadi, Mahyar; Helmke, Peer; Hebbeln, Dierk (2012): Diatom studies in surface and downcore sediments off southern Sumatra and Java. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.788694, Supplement to: Romero, OE et al. (2012): High interglacial diatom paleoproductivity in the westernmost Indo-Pacific Warm Pool during the past 130,000 years. Paleoceanography, 27, PA3209, https://doi.org/10.1029/2012PA002299
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A wealth of sedimentary records aimed at reconstructing late Quaternary changes in productivity and temperature have been devoted to understanding linkages between the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool (IPWP) and other distant oceanic areas. Most of these reconstructions are based, however, on biogeochemical and sedimentological proxies, with comparatively less attention devoted to microfossils. A high-resolution (<1 ka) study of diatom concentrations and the community at site GeoB10038-4, recovered off southern Sumatra (ca. 6°S, 103°E), closely tracks the variations of diatom concentrations in the westernmost IPWP during the last glacial-interglacial cycle. The diatom record provides evidence that diatom paleoproductivity was highest during interglacials, primarily due to the input of lithogenics and nutrients following the rise in sea level after full glacials. In addition, the co-variation of total diatom concentration and Northern Hemisphere forcing for Marine Isotope Stage 5 suggests a direct response of diatom productivity and upwelling intensity to boreal summer insolation. Temporal shifts of the diverse diatom community at site GeoB10038-4 correspond well with the present-day seasonal monsoon pattern and the strengthening and weakening phases of upwelling along the southern coast of Sumatra. Resting spores of Chaetoceros, typical of nutrient-rich waters, were dominant during periods of highest diatom paleoproductivity and responded to the strengthening of the SE monsoon, while diatoms of oligotrophic to mesotrophic waters characterized intermonsoon periods. The close correspondence between the dominance of upwelling diatoms and the boreal summer insolation resembles the present-day dynamics of diatom production. The observed interglacial highs and glacial lows of diatom productivity at site GeoB10038-4 is a unique pattern in the late Quaternary tropics.
Median Latitude: -6.783926 * Median Longitude: 105.252164 * South-bound Latitude: -8.273300 * West-bound Longitude: 103.008500 * North-bound Latitude: -5.008008 * East-bound Longitude: 108.149300
Date/Time Start: 2005-08-16T08:33:00 * Date/Time End: 2005-08-18T13:40:00
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Romero, OE; Mohtadi, M; Helmke, P et al. (2012): (Table 1) Varimax loadings matrix (rotation: varimax normalized). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.788674
- Romero, OE; Mohtadi, M; Helmke, P et al. (2012): (Table 2) List of diatom species present in sediment trap (JAM Site), surface sediments of five locations close to GeoB10038-4, and downcore sediments (GeoB10038-4). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.788681
- Romero, OE; Mohtadi, M; Helmke, P et al. (2012): (Table 3) Comparison of the relative contribution of diatom groups built with PCA in the trap site JAM at five surface sediment locations (GeoB: 10041-3, 10037-2, 10036-3, 10039-3, and 10038-3) and at Site GeoB10038-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.788689