Dunbar, Gavin B (2001): Mineralogy and major element oxide composition of sediments from ODP Hole 172-1063D. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.787968, Supplement to: Dunbar, GB (2001): A detailed characterization of Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles at Site 1063 (Bermuda Rise). In: Keigwin, LD; Rio, D; Acton, GD; Arnold, E (eds.) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 172, 1-24, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.172.215.2001
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Dansgaard-Oeschger (D-O) cycles in sediment at Site 1063 are characterized by distinct fluctuations in physical properties. Stadials are marked by low bulk density and interstadials by high bulk density. Compressional (P-)wave velocity is in phase with bulk density over some but not all depth intervals. Four of the D-O cycles straddling the oxygen isotope Stage 4/5 boundary have been studied in detail to understand the origin of the physical properties changes. Sediment on the Bermuda Rise is comprised of three main components: calcite, aluminosilicate minerals, and biogenic silica. Calcite concentrations vary from 1% to 43% of bulk sediment and are highest during interstadials. Aluminosilicate concentrations vary from 52% to 92% of bulk sediment and are highest during stadials. The major element ratios Al2O3/TiO2 and K2O/Al2O3 show increases across bulk density cycles, suggesting a change in the composition of aluminosilicates. This interpretation is supported by mineralogical analyses, which show a subtle change in clay composition. Biogenic silica concentrations vary from 0% to 23% of bulk sediment and are also highest during stadials. However, the abundance of silica varies significantly from one D-O cycle to another. Silt and fine sand abundance also increase during the first of the four stadials. This coarsening of sediment coincides with the increase in biogenic silica. The low grain density and high porosity associated with biogenic silica result in intervals of low bulk-sediment density. The abundance of biogenic silica closely matches P-wave velocity, suggesting that silica imparts a greater rigidity to the sediment.
Latitude: 33.686190 * Longitude: -57.615110
Date/Time Start: 1997-04-01T06:20:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-04-01T06:20:00
172-1063D * Latitude: 33.686190 * Longitude: -57.615110 * Date/Time: 1997-04-01T06:20:00 * Elevation: -4584.3 m * Penetration: 173.1 m * Recovery: 176.54 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg172 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 19 cores; 173.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 102 % recovery