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Murphy, L; Warnke, Detlef A (2002): (Table T1) Ice rafted debris characteristics of ODP Site 177-1092. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Murphy, L; Warnke, DA (2002): Data Report: Ice-rafted debris of the Pliocene portion of ODP Site 1092. In: Gersonde, R; Hodell, DA; Blum, P (eds.) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 177, 1-6,

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We have carried out a multiphase analysis of samples from ODP Site 177-1092, Meteor Rise, subantarctic South Atlantic. Samples were analyzed for ice-rafted debris (IRD [see Table T1]) and stable isotopes from benthic foraminifera [see Murphy et al., 2002, doi:10.1016/S0031-0182(01)00495-3]. Both analyses were performed on the same samples. Additional work was performed to identify the paleomagnetic stratigraphy. The analyzed samples range in age from about 2.6(?) Ma to 4.6 Ma, a time span that saw considerable global warmth, but witnessed overall global refrigeration and the transition to truly bipolar glaciations.
IRD arrived frequently during the Early and early Late Pliocene, but only as 'background rafting' (occasional grains per sample). The first identifiable IRD above background rafting is associated with marine isotope stage (MIS) KM4 (~3.18 Ma). Successive IRD peaks become larger, the same pattern as noted at nearby Site 114-704. A very large peak near the top of the record, approximately 2.8 Ma, is considered to represent a hiatus. Peaks below 51.3 meters composite depth (mcd) coincide with positive excursions of the oxygen isotopic record, and with negative excursions of the carbon isotopic curve, a pattern also noted at Site 114-704. However, the reasonably large IRD peak at 51 mcd (tentatively identified with MIS G11) coincides with a positive excursion on the carbon isotopic curve and negative excursion on the oxygen isotopic curve. This relationship suggests a northern hemisphere interglacial, rising sea level, destabilization of the Antarctic margin, and delivery of Antarctic icebergs to the Southern Ocean. Such a mechanism has recently been suggested by Kanfoush et al. (2000, doi:10.1126/science.288.5472.1815) for latest Pleistocene stadial/interstadial oscillations. Here we suggest that such a mechanism may have been in place on glacial/interglacial time scales as early as the Late Pliocene.
Related to:
Murphy, L; Warnke, Detlef A; Andersson, Carin; Channell, James E T; Stoner, Joseph S (2002): History of ice rafting at South Atlantic ODP Site 177-1092 during the Gauss and Late Gilbert Chrons. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 182(3-4), 183-196,
Latitude: -46.411000 * Longitude: 7.079000
Date/Time Start: 1998-01-07T23:59:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-01-07T23:59:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 50.00 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 65.09 m
177-1092 * Latitude: -46.411000 * Longitude: 7.079000 * Date/Time: 1998-01-07T23:59:00 * Elevation: -1972.0 m * Penetration: 587.8 m * Recovery: 505.55 m * Location: South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg177 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 59 cores; 551.4 m cored; 36.4 m drilled; 91.7 % recovery
Sediment depth is given in mcd.
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
2Ice rafted debrisIRDmg/gMurphy, L
3Ice rafted debrisIRD#/gMurphy, L
4Ice rafted debris, generalIRDarbitrary unitsMurphy, LIRD index
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