Polyak, Boris G; Dubinina, E O; Lavrushin, VYu; Cheshko, Andrey L (2008): Chemical and isotope compositions of thermal and surficial waters from the Chukotka Peninsula. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.786824, Supplement to: Polyak, BG et al. (2008): Isotopic composition of thermal waters in Chukotka. Translated from Litologiya i Poleznye Iskopaemye, 2008, 5, 480-504, Lithology and Mineral Resources, 43(5), 429-453, https://doi.org/10.1134/S0024490208050027
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Twenty three groups of thermomineral springs in the eastern Chukotka with discharge temperature from 2 to 97°C and mineralization from 1.47 to 37.14 g/l are studied and compared with surface freshwater from their localities. dD and d18O values in surface waters vary from -121.4 to -89.5 per mil and from -16.4 to -11.1 per mil, respectively, while respective values in thermomineral waters range from -134.2 to -92.5 per mil and from -17.6 to -10.5 per mil. dD value in surface waters decreases from the east to the west, i.e. toward interior areas of the peninsula. Hydrothermal springs most depleted in deuterium (dD < -120 per mil) are localized in the geodynamically active Kolyuchinskaya-Mechigmen Depression. According to the proposed formation model of Chukotka thermomineral waters their observed chemical and isotopic characteristics could result from mixing (in different proportions) of surface waters with the deep-sourced isotopically light mineralized component (dD = ca. -138 per mil, d18O = ca. -19 per mil, ? = from 9.5 to 14.7 g/l). The latter originates most likely from subpermafrost waters subjected to slight cryogenic metamorphism.
Median Latitude: 65.833436 * Median Longitude: -172.758650 * South-bound Latitude: 64.350000 * West-bound Longitude: -174.620000 * North-bound Latitude: 66.720000 * East-bound Longitude: -169.820000