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Ikari, Matt J; Strasser, Michael; Saffer, Demian M; Kopf, Achim J (2011): (Table 1) Experimental shear strength values for IODP Exp315 and Exp316 holes. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.786715, Supplement to: Ikari, MJ et al. (2011): Submarine landslide potential near the megasplay fault at the Nankai subduction zone. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 312(3-4), 453-462, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2011.10.024

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Abstract:
We investigate the mechanics of slope failures on the Nankai accretionary complex offshore Japan in the vicinity of a major out-of-sequence thrust fault (termed the "megasplay"). Incorporating laboratory-measured shear strength of slope sediments sampled during Integrated Ocean Drilling Project (IODP) Expeditions 315 and 316 with local seafloor slope angles from bathymetric data and constraints on in-situ effective stress conditions from drilling, we find that slopes in the study area are stable and submarine landslides are not expected to occur under static conditions. In order to assess the possibility of slope failure triggered by coseismic rupture of the megasplay fault, we use empirical relations for strong ground motion attenuation from earthquakes with Mw 6-9. We find that the slope sediments should be stable based on computations from one model, developed from a catalog of worldwide subduction zone earthquakes (Youngs et al., 1997, doi:10.1785/gssrl.68.1.58). However, using a different model developed primarily from a catalog of crustal earthquakes in Japan (Kanno et al., 2006, doi:10.1785/0120050138), we find that slopes should be unstable for earthquakes 8 <= Mw <= 9, and possibly unstable for events with 6 <= Mw < 8, depending on the proximity of rupture to the seafloor. Considering limitations of the models and geologic observations of slope failure recurrence, the true slope stability is likely to be in between the predictions of the two models, and we suggest that it may be modulated by long-term pore pressure fluctuations.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 33.224416 * Median Longitude: 136.720129 * South-bound Latitude: 33.213715 * West-bound Longitude: 136.711540 * North-bound Latitude: 33.239070 * East-bound Longitude: 136.726662
Date/Time Start: 2007-12-20T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2008-01-27T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 7.91 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 121.29 m
Event(s):
315-C0001E * Latitude: 33.239070 * Longitude: 136.711540 * Elevation: -2198.0 m * Campaign: Exp315 (NanTroSEIZE Stage 1: Megasplay Riser Pilot) * Basis: Chikyu * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 13 HPCS cores; 118.1 m cored; 95.4 % recovered; 118.1 m drilled; Lost inner core barrel in hole
316-C0004C * Latitude: 33.220463 * Longitude: 136.722187 * Date/Time: 2007-12-20T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2627.0 m * Recovery: 135.23 m * Campaign: Exp316 (NanTroSEIZE Stage 1: Shallow Megaslay and Frontal Thrusts) * Basis: Chikyu * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 18 cores; 131.3 m cored; 102.31 % recovery; 135 m drilled; 135 m penetrated
316-C0008A * Latitude: 33.213715 * Longitude: 136.726662 * Date/Time: 2008-01-27T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2751.0 m * Recovery: 271.2 m * Campaign: Exp316 (NanTroSEIZE Stage 1: Shallow Megaslay and Frontal Thrusts) * Basis: Chikyu * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 43 cores; 357.8 m cored; 75.81 % recovery; 357.8 m drilled; 357.75 m penetrated
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEvent
2Sample code/labelSample labelIkari, Matt JDSDP/ODP/IODP sample designation
3DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode – mbsf
4Size fraction < 0.002 mm, > 9 phi, clay<2 µm, >9 phi%Ikari, Matt J
5Vertical stressSigmaVkPaIkari, Matt J
6Vertical effective stressSigmaV efkPaIkari, Matt J
7Shear stressTaukPaIkari, Matt J
8AngleAngledegIkari, Matt Jseafloor slope
9ParameterParameterarbitrary unitsIkari, Matt JA, for best-fit curves
10ParameterParameterarbitrary unitsIkari, Matt JB, for best-fit curves
11ParameterParameterarbitrary unitsIkari, Matt JC, for best-fit curves
12Coefficient of determinationR**2Ikari, Matt J
Size:
150 data points

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