Römer, Miriam; Sahling, Heiko; Pape, Thomas; Bahr, André; Feseker, Tomas; Wintersteller, Paul; Bohrmann, Gerhard (2012): Profiles of sediment echo soundings during three expeditions (M72/3, M84/2, and MSM15/2) in the Black Sea with links to Parasound data files. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.786593, Supplement to: Römer, M et al. (2012): Geological control and magnitude of methane ebullition from a high-flux seep area in the Black Sea - the Kerch seep area. Marine Geology, 319, 57-74, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2012.07.005
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We investigated gas bubble emissions at the Don-Kuban paleo-fan in the northeastern Black Sea regarding their geological setting, quantities as well as spatial and temporal variabilities during three ship expeditions between 2007 and 2011. About 600 bubble-induced hydroacoustic anomalies in the water column (flares) originating from the seafloor above the gas hydrate stability zone (GHSZ) at ~700 m water depth were found. At about 890 m water depth a hydrocarbon seep area named "Kerch seep area" was newly discovered within the GHSZ. We propose locally domed sediments ('mounds') discovered during ultra-high resolution bathymetric mapping with an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) to result from gas hydrate accumulation at shallow depths. In situ measurements indicated spatially limited temperature elevations in the shallow sediment likely induced by upward fluid flow which may confine the local GHSZ to a few meters below the seafloor. As a result, gas bubbles are suspected to migrate into near-surface sediments and to escape the seafloor through small-scale faults. Hydroacoustic surveys revealed that several flares originated from a seafloor area of about 1 km**2 in size. The highest flare disappeared in about 350 m water depth, suggesting that the released methane remains in the water column. A methane flux estimate, combining data from visual quantifications during dives with a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) with results from ship-based hydroacoustic surveys and gas analysis revealed that between 2 and 87 x 10**6 mol CH4 yr-1 escaped into the water column above the Kerch seep area. Our results show that the finding of the Kerch seep area represents a so far underestimated type of hydrocarbon seep, which has to be considered in methane budget calculations.
Median Latitude: 42.845452 * Median Longitude: 36.419500 * South-bound Latitude: 41.648936 * West-bound Longitude: 30.817694 * North-bound Latitude: 44.814261 * East-bound Longitude: 41.501643
Date/Time Start: 2007-03-17T17:20:00 * Date/Time End: 2010-05-30T14:50:00
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Römer, M; Sahling, H; Pape, T et al. (2012): Profile of sediment echo sounding during METEOR cruise M72/3a and M72/3b with links to ParaSound data files. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.786480
- Römer, M; Sahling, H; Pape, T et al. (2012): Profile of sediment echo sounding during Maria S. Merian cruise MSM15/2 with links to Parasound data files. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.786586