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Barton, Charles E (1993): Paleomagnetic of ODP Hole 133-823A. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Barton, CE (1993): Paleomagnetic and mineral magnetic record of sediments from the Queensland Trough: results for Leg 133, Hole 823A. In: McKenzie, JA; Davies, PJ; Palmer-Julson, A; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 133, 563-571,

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Hole 823A covers the upper 120 m (Subunits IA and IB) of Site 823 at the bottom of the Queensland Trough. This hole contains an abundance of gravity-flow deposits, but is thought to have a monotonic age sequence. Above 32 mbsf, a strong, stable (normal) magnetic remanence having a relatively small viscous remanent magnetization (VRM) is seen. Below 32 mbsf, the sediments are subject to widespread VRM, which appears to obliterate the primary magnetization and precludes identification of the Brunhes/Matuyama boundary. Progressive alternating field (AF) demagnetization is limited to low fields (typically <400 Oe) by the weak magnetization in these sediments. As a consequence, the possibility of a high-coercivity component of primary magnetization cannot be ruled out. Lowrie-Fuller tests indicate that this VRM overprinting does not have a multidomain origin. An approximately linear relationship exists between median destructive field (MDF) and the logarithm of the natural remanent magnetization (NRM). Carbonate dilution does not appear to be a dominant factor in controlling variations in concentration-dependent magnetic parameters, such as magnetic susceptibility.
The sedimentological distinction between Subunits IA and IB does not show up in the magnetic record. However, a sharp change in magnetic properties does occur at 32 mbsf, with low background magnetizations below this level and high background magnetizations above it. The boundary coincides with a change from thick (>10 cm thick) to thin (<10 cm thick) turbidite deposition, and is also near the boundary separating the sulfate-reduction zone in the upper part of the sequence from the sulfate-free zone beneath. The abrupt nature of the magnetic boundary is evidence that nannofossil subzone CN14b is not condensed, but is missing in a hiatus at 32 mbsf.
Nine peaks have been identified in the susceptibility (K) record that are superimposed on ôbackgroundö signals. ARM/K ratios are uniformly low for the background sediments below 32 mbsf, intermediate for strong susceptibility peaks, and high for background sediments above 32 mbsf and weak susceptibility peaks. Comparisons with results from Site 820 suggest that (1) the background sediments above 32 mbsf and the weak susceptibility peaks carry a stable single-domain magnetization, and (2) the high susceptibility peaks are caused by the addition of a superparamagnetic contribution. Expectations are that the distinctive features of the Hole 823A magnetic record are linked to major environmental changes.
Latitude: -16.616000 * Longitude: 146.783900
Date/Time Start: 1990-09-21T03:50:00 * Date/Time End: 1990-09-21T15:12:00
133-823A * Latitude: -16.616000 * Longitude: 146.783900 * Date/Time Start: 1990-09-21T03:50:00 * Date/Time End: 1990-09-21T15:12:00 * Elevation: -1650.0 m * Penetration: 119.8 m * Recovery: 123.73 m * Location: Coral Sea * Campaign: Leg133 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 13 cores; 119.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 103.3 % recovery
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Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Barton, CE (1993): (Table 1) Magnetic properties of ODP Hole 133-823A.
  2. Barton, CE (1993): (Table 2) Progressive demagnetization specimens from ODP Hole 133-823A.