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Malyutina, Marina; Brandt, Angelika (2007): Diversity and zoogeography of Antarctic deep-sea Munnopsidae (Crustacea, Isopoda, Asellota) from three ANDEEP expeditions. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Malyutina, M; Brandt, A (2007): Diversity and zoogeography of Antarctic deep-sea Munnopsidae (Crustacea, Isopoda, Asellota). Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 54(16-17), 1790-1805,

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The family Munnopsidae was the most abundant and diverse among 22 isopod families collected by the ANDEEP deep-sea expeditions in 2002 and 2005 in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. A total of 219 species from 31 genera and eight subfamilies were analysed. Only 20% species were known to science, and 11% of these were reported outside the ANDEEP area mainly from other parts of the SO or the South Atlantic deep sea. One hundred and five species (50%) were rare, occurring at only 1 or 2 stations. Seventy-two percent of all munnopsid specimens belong to the most numerous 25 species with a total abundance of more than 75 specimens; 5 of these species (40% of all specimens) belong to the main genera of the world munnopsid fauna, Eurycope, Disconectes, Betamorpha, and Ilyarachna. About half of all munnopsid specimens and 34% of all species belong to the subfamily Eurycopinae, which is followed in occurrence by the Lipomerinae (19%). Munnopsinae is the poorest represented subfamily (1.5%). The composition of the subfamilies for the munnopsid fauna of the ANDEEP area differs from that of northern faunas. Lipomerinae show a lower percentage (7%) in the North Atlantic and are absent in the Arctic and in the North Pacific. This subfamily is considered as young and having a centre of origin and diversification in the Southern Ocean. The analyses of the taxonomic diversity and the distribution of Antarctic munnopsids and the distribution of the world fauna of all genera of the family revealed that species richness and diversity of the genera are highest in the ANDEEP area. The investigated fauna is characterised also by high percentage of endemic species, the highest richness and diversity of the main munnopsid genera and subfamily Lipomerinae. This supports the hypothesis that the Atlantic sector of SO deep sea may be considered as the main contemporary centre of diversification of the Munnopsidae. It might serve as a diversity pump of species of the Munnopsidae to more northern Atlantic areas via the deep water originating in the Weddell Sea.
Median Latitude: -59.997300 * Median Longitude: -33.017570 * South-bound Latitude: -71.305900 * West-bound Longitude: -64.657500 * North-bound Latitude: -41.116500 * East-bound Longitude: 54.241800
Date/Time Start: 2002-01-26T23:22:00 * Date/Time End: 2005-03-30T22:40:00
Data included in the frame of a joint ICSTI/PANGAEA IPY effort, see
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