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Maruyama, Toshiaki; Shiono, Masamichi (2003): Miocene to Pleistocene diatom biostratigraphy with a focus on Thalassiosira in sediments of ODP Leg 186 sites. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Maruyama, T; Shiono, M (2003): Middle Miocene to Pleistocene diatom biostratigraphy of the Northwest Pacific at Sites 1150 and 1151. In: Suyehiro, K; Sacks, IS; Acton, GD; Oda, M (eds.) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 186, 1-38,

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Late Neogene biostratigraphy of diatoms has been investigated from two sites occupied during Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 186 off the coast of northeast Japan. A unique aspect of ODP Leg 186 was the installation of two permanent borehole geophysical observatories at the deep-sea terrace along the Japan Trench. The Neogene subsidence history of the forearc was documented from both Sites 1150 and 1151, and Quaternary to middle Miocene (16 Ma) sediments represent a nearly continuous stratigraphic sequence including numerous ash records, especially during the past 9 m.y. Diatoms are found in most samples in variable abundance and in a moderately well preserved state throughout the sequence. The assemblages are characterized consistently by age-diagnostic species of Denticulopsis and Neodenticula found in regions of high surface water productivity typical of middle to high latitudes. The Neogene North Pacific diatom zonation divides the Miocene to Quaternary sequences fundamentally well, except that the latest Miocene through early Pliocene Thalassiosira oestrupii Subzone is not applicable. Miocene and late Pliocene through Pleistocene diatom datum levels that have been proven to be of great stratigraphic utility in the North Pacific Ocean appear to be nearly isochronous within the level of resolution constrained by core catcher sample spacing. The taxonomy and stratigraphy of previously described species determined to be useful across the Miocene/Pliocene boundary have been investigated on the basis of the evolutionary changes within the Thalassiosira trifulta group. The biostratigraphically important forms belonging to the genus Thalassiosira have been illustrated with scanning electron micrographs.
Median Latitude: 38.969808 * Median Longitude: 143.333308 * South-bound Latitude: 38.751980 * West-bound Longitude: 143.331910 * North-bound Latitude: 39.181910 * East-bound Longitude: 143.334400
Date/Time Start: 1999-06-22T18:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-08-02T17:45:00
186-1150A * Latitude: 39.181910 * Longitude: 143.331910 * Date/Time Start: 1999-06-22T18:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-06-26T22:15:00 * Elevation: -2680.8 m * Penetration: 722.6 m * Recovery: 566.4 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg186 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 76 cores; 722.6 m cored; 0 m drilled; 78.4 % recovery
186-1150B * Latitude: 39.181900 * Longitude: 143.332450 * Date/Time Start: 1999-06-26T22:15:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-07-03T13:30:00 * Elevation: -2680.8 m * Penetration: 1181.6 m * Recovery: 269.29 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg186 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 50 cores; 478.3 m cored; 703.3 m drilled; 56.3 % recovery
186-1151A * Latitude: 38.751980 * Longitude: 143.334400 * Date/Time Start: 1999-07-28T22:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-08-02T17:45:00 * Elevation: -2182.2 m * Penetration: 1113.6 m * Recovery: 707.6 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg186 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 108 cores; 1035.6 m cored; 0 m drilled; 68.3 % recovery
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