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van Raden, Ulrike Jannette; Groeneveld, Jeroen; Raitzsch, Markus; Kucera, Michal (2011): Sample locations, CTD data, mean spring and annual temperatures and salinities from World Ocean Atlas (WOA, 2001), and ICP-OES Mg/Ca data. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.782926

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Abstract:
Due to its strong gradient in salinity and small temperature gradient the Mediterranean provides an ideal setting to study the impact of salinity on the incorporation of Mg into foraminiferal tests. We have investigated tests of Globorotalia inflata and Globigerina bulloides in plankton tow and core top samples from the Western Mediterranean using ICP-OES for bulk analyses and LA-ICP-MS for analyses of individual chambers in single specimens. Mg/Ca observed in G. inflata are consistent with existing calibrations, whereas G. bulloides had significantly higher Mg/Ca than predicted, particularly in core top samples from the easterly stations. Scanning Electron Microscopy and Laser Ablation ICP-MS revealed secondary overgrowths on some tests, which could explain the observed high core top Mg/Ca. We suggest that the Mediterranean intermediate and deep water supersaturated with respect to calcite cause these overgrowths and therefore increased bulk Mg/Ca. However, the different species are influenced by diagenesis to different degrees probably due to different test morphologies. Our results provide new perspectives on reported anomalously high Mg/Ca in sedimentary foraminifera and the applicability of the Mg/Ca paleothermometry in high salinity settings, by showing that (1) part of the signal is generated by precipitation of inorganic calcite on the foraminifer test due to increased calcite saturation state of the water and (2) species with high surface-to-volume shell surfaces are potentially more affected by secondary Mg-rich calcite encrustation.
Related to:
van Raden, Ulrike Jannette; Groeneveld, Jeroen; Raitzsch, Markus; Kucera, Michal (2011): Mg/Ca in the planktonic foraminifera Globorotalia inflata and Globigerinoides bulloides from Western Mediterranean plankton tow and core top samples. Marine Micropaleontology, 78(3-4), 101-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marmicro.2010.11.002
Project(s):
Paleoceanography at Tübingen University (GeoTü)
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 37.533115 * Median Longitude: 4.372831 * South-bound Latitude: 36.250500 * West-bound Longitude: -1.997700 * North-bound Latitude: 38.752700 * East-bound Longitude: 11.009800
Date/Time Start: 2006-03-26T18:12:00 * Date/Time End: 2006-04-01T10:10:00
Event(s):
POS334_74-1 * Latitude: 36.250500 * Longitude: -1.990000 * Date/Time: 2006-03-26T18:12:00 * Elevation: -1894.0 m * Location: Alboran Sea * Campaign: POS334 * Basis: Poseidon * Device: Multiple opening/closing net (MSN)
POS334_74-6 * Latitude: 36.250800 * Longitude: -1.997700 * Date/Time: 2006-03-26T22:15:00 * Elevation: -1897.0 m * Location: Alboran Sea * Campaign: POS334 * Basis: Poseidon * Device: MultiCorer (MUC)
POS334_75-7 * Latitude: 37.249500 * Longitude: -0.501800 * Date/Time: 2006-03-27T15:28:00 * Elevation: -2511.0 m * Location: Mediterranean Sea, Western Basin * Campaign: POS334 * Basis: Poseidon * Device: MultiCorer (MUC)
Size:
2 datasets

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