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Barnes, David A; Straub, Susanne M (2010): Chlorine concentrations and stable isotope ratios in Izu Bonin tephra. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Barnes, DA; Straub, SM (2010): Chorine stable isotope variations in Izu Bonin tephra: Implications for serpentinite subduction. Chemical Geology, 272(1-4), 62-74,

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d37Cl values were determined for Izu Bonin arc magmas erupted 0-44 Ma in order to better understand the time-dependent processing of volatiles in subduction zones. Pristine ash-sized particles (glass, pumice, scoria, and rock fragments) were handpicked from tephra drilled at ODP Site 782. d37Cl values for these particles span a large range from -2.1 to +1.7 per mil (error = ± 0.3 per mil) vs. SMOC (Standard Mean Ocean Chloride, defined as 0 per mil). The temporal data extend the previously reported range of d37Cl values of -2.6 to 0.4 per mil (bulk ash) and -5.4 to -0.1 per mil (volcanic gases) from the Quaternary Izu Bonin–Mariana volcanic front to more positive values. Overall, the temporal data indicate a time-progressive evolution, from isotopically negative Eocene and Oligocene magmas (-0.7 ± 1.1 per mil, n = 10) to Neogene magmas that have higher ?37Cl values on average (+0.3 ± 1.1 per mil; n = 13). The increase is due to the emergence of positive d37Cl values in the Neogene, while minimum d37Cl values are similar through time. The range in d37Cl values cannot be attributed to fractionation during melt formation and differentiation, and must reflect the diversity of Cl present in the arc magma sources. Cl clearly derives from the slab (> 96% Cl in arc magmas), but d37Cl values do not correlate with isotope tracers (e.g. 207Pb/204Pb and 87Sr/86Sr) that are indicative of the flux from subducting sedimentary and igneous crust. Given the steady, high Cl flux since at least 42 Ma, the temporal variability of d37Cl values is best explained by a flux from subducting isotopically positive and negative serpentinite formed in the ocean basins that mingles with and possibly overprints the isotopically negative flux from sediment and igneous crust at arc front depths. The change in the d37Cl values before and after backarc spreading may reflect either a tectonically induced change in the mechanism of serpentinite formation on the oceanic plate, or possibly the integration of isotopically positive wedge serpentinite as arc fluid source during the Neogene. Our study suggests that serpentinites are important fluid sources at arc front depth, and implies the return of isotopically positive and negative Cl from the Earth surface to the mantle.
Median Latitude: 27.426675 * Median Longitude: 141.515317 * South-bound Latitude: 18.044800 * West-bound Longitude: 136.057200 * North-bound Latitude: 30.861000 * East-bound Longitude: 144.748500
Date/Time Start: 1977-12-12T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-03-17T07:30:00
125-782A * Latitude: 30.861000 * Longitude: 141.314200 * Date/Time Start: 1989-03-16T18:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-03-17T07:30:00 * Elevation: -2958.9 m * Penetration: 476.8 m * Recovery: 282 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg125 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 50 cores; 476.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 59.1 % recovery
21DS5 * Latitude: 18.218800 * Longitude: 144.735200 * Location: Mariana arc/Philippine Basin * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL)
58-442B * Latitude: 28.984000 * Longitude: 136.057200 * Date/Time: 1977-12-12T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4634.0 m * Penetration: 455 m * Recovery: 51 m * Location: North Pacific/BASIN * Campaign: Leg58 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 20 cores; 187.5 m cored; 0 m drilled; 27.2 % recovery
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