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Allan, James F; Gorton, Michael P (1992): Geochemistry of ODP Leg 127 igneous rocks. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Allan, JF; Gorton, MP (1992): Geochemistry of igneous rocks from Legs 127 and 128, Sea of Japan. In: Tamaki, K; Suychiro, K; Allan, J; McWilliams, M; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 127/128(2), 905-929,

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Legs 127 and 128 of the Ocean Drilling Program cored basement samples from two sites in the Yamato Basin (Sites 794 and 797) and one site in the Japan Basin (Site 795) of the Japan Sea. These samples represent sills and lava flows erupted or shallowly intruded in a marine environment during backarc extension and spreading in the middle Miocene. In this paper, we describe the geochemical characteristics of these igneous units using 52 new instrumental neutron activation analyses (INAA), 8 new X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analyses, and previous shipboard XRF analyses.
The sills intruded into soft sediment at Sites 794 and 797 were subject to extensive hydrothermal activity, estimated at <230° C under subgreenschist facies conditions, which heavily to totally altered the fine-grained unit margins and moderately to heavily altered the coarse-grained unit interiors. Diagenesis further altered the composition of these igneous bodies and lava flows at Sites 794, 795, and 797, most intensely at unit margins. Our study of two well-sampled units shows that Mg, Ca, Sr, and the large-ion lithophile elements (LILE) mobilized during alteration, and that the concentrations of Y, Yb, and Lu decreased and Ce increased in the most severely altered samples. Nevertheless, our study shows that the rare-earth elements (REE) were relatively immobile in the majority of the samples, even where secondary mixed-layer clays comprised the great majority of the rock.
Fresher Yamato Basin samples are compositionally heterogenous tholeiitic basalts and dolerites. At Site 794 in the north-central portion of the basin, Units 1 to 5 (upper basement) comprise mildly light rare-earth element (LREE) enriched basalts and dolerites (chondrite-normalized La/Sm of 1.4-1.8), while the stratigraphically lower Units 6 to 9 are less enriched dolerites with (La/Sm)N of 0.7-1.3. All Site 794 samples lack Nb and Ta depletions and LILE enrichments, lacking a strong subduction-related incompatible element geochemical signature. At Site 797 in the western margin of the basin, two stratigraphically-definable unit groups also occur. The upper nine units are incompatible-element depleted tholeiitic sills and flows with strong depletions of Nb and Ta relative to normal mid-ocean ridge basalt (N-MORB). The lower twelve sills represent LREE-enriched tholeiites (normalized La/Sm ranges from 1.1 to 1.8), with distinctly higher LILE and high field-strength element (HFSE) contents. At Site 795 at the northern margin of the Japan Sea, three eruptive units consist of basaltic andesite to calc-alkaline basalt (normalized La/Sm of 1.1 to 1.5) containing moderate depletions of the HFSE relative to N-MORB. The LILE-depleted nature of these samples precludes their origin in a continental arc, indicating that they more likely erupted within a rifting oceanic arc system.
The heterogenous nature of the Japan Sea rocks indicate that they were derived at each site from multiple parental magmas generated from a compositionally heterogenous mantle source. Their chemistry is intermediate in character between arc basalts, MORB, and intraplate basalts, and implies little involvement of continental crust at any point in their genesis. Their flat chondrite-normalized, medium-to-heavy rare earth patterns indicate that the primary magmas which produced them last equilibrated with and segregated from spinel lherzolite at shallow depths (<30 kbar). In strong contrast to their isotopic compositional arrays, subduction-related geochemical signatures are usually poorly defined. No basin-wide temporal or geographic systematics of rock chemistry may be confidently detailed; instead, the data show both intimate (site-specific) and widespread backarc mantle heterogeneity over a narrow (2 Ma or so) range in time, with mantle heterogeneity most closely resembling a "plum-pudding" model.
Median Latitude: 39.921700 * Median Longitude: 135.692600 * South-bound Latitude: 38.616000 * West-bound Longitude: 134.536000 * North-bound Latitude: 43.987000 * East-bound Longitude: 138.965000
Date/Time Start: 1989-06-26T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-08-18T17:00:00
127-794 * Latitude: 40.190000 * Longitude: 138.231000 * Date/Time Start: 1989-06-26T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-07-11T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2821.3 m * Penetration: 1554 m * Recovery: 422.8 m * Location: Japan Sea * Campaign: Leg127 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 78 cores; 694.4 m cored; 0 m drilled; 60.9% recovery
127-795B * Latitude: 43.987000 * Longitude: 138.965000 * Date/Time Start: 1989-07-16T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-07-22T02:45:00 * Elevation: -3310.0 m * Penetration: 762.2 m * Recovery: 188.94 m * Location: Japan Sea * Campaign: Leg127 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 41 core; 397 m cored; 0 m drilled; 47.6 % recovery
127-797C * Latitude: 38.616000 * Longitude: 134.536000 * Date/Time Start: 1989-08-04T17:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-08-18T17:00:00 * Elevation: -2876.0 m * Penetration: 900.1 m * Recovery: 164.18 m * Location: Japan Sea * Campaign: Leg127 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 45 cores; 416.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 39.5 % recovery
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