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Rommerskirchen, Florian; Eglinton, Geoffrey; Dupont, Lydie M; Güntner, Ute; Wenzel, Claudia; Rullkötter, Jürgen (2003): A relationship between aerosol transport and compound-specific δ¹³C land plant biomarker and pollen records. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.776480, Supplement to: Rommerskirchen, F et al. (2003): A north to south transect of Holocene southeast Atlantic continental margin sediments: Relationship between aerosol transport and compound-specific d13C land plant biomarker and pollen records. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 4(12), 1101, https://doi.org/10.1029/2003GC000541

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Abstract:
We examined near-surface, late Holocene deep-sea sediments at nine sites on a north-south transect from the Congo Fan (4°S) to the Cape Basin (30°S) along the Southwest African continental margin. Contents, distribution patterns and molecular stable carbon isotope signatures of long-chain n-alkanes (C27-C33) and n-alkanols (C22-C32) are indicators of land plant vegetation of different biosynthetic types, which can be correlated with concentrations and distributions of pollen taxa in the same sediments. Calculated clusters of wind trajectories and satellite Aerosol Index imagery afford information on the source areas for the lipids and pollen on land and their transport pathways to the ocean sites. This multidisciplinary approach on an almost continental scale provides clear evidence of latitudinal differences in lipid and pollen composition paralleling the major phytogeographic zonations on the adjacent continent. Dust and smoke aerosols are mainly derived from the western and central South African hinterland dominated by deserts, semi-deserts and savannah regions rich in C4 and CAM plants. The northern sites (Congo Fan area and northern Angola Basin), which get most of their terrestrial material from the Congo Basin and the Angolan highlands, may also receive some material from the Chad region. Very little aerosol from the African continent is transported to the most southerly sites in the Cape Basin. As can be expected from the present position of the phytogeographic zones, the carbon isotopic signatures of the n-alkanes and n-alkanols both become isotopically more enriched in 13C from north to south. The results of the study suggest that this combination of pollen data and compound-specific isotope geochemical proxies can be effectively applied in the reconstruction of past continental phytogeographic developments.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -16.417234 * Median Longitude: 11.211792 * South-bound Latitude: -29.450000 * West-bound Longitude: 9.185833 * North-bound Latitude: -4.785300 * East-bound Longitude: 13.309050
Date/Time Start: 1988-02-21T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-09-24T03:15:00
Event(s):
175-1075A * Latitude: -4.785300 * Longitude: 10.074970 * Date/Time Start: 1997-08-23T19:50:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-08-24T23:40:00 * Elevation: -2995.7 m * Penetration: 201 m * Recovery: 213.75 m * Location: Benguela Current, South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg175 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 22 cores; 201 m cored; 0 m drilled; 106.3 % recovery
175-1079A * Latitude: -11.929610 * Longitude: 13.309050 * Date/Time Start: 1997-09-04T16:04:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-09-05T03:55:00 * Elevation: -737.9 m * Penetration: 121 m * Recovery: 124.61 m * Location: Benguela Current, South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg175 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 14 cores; 121 m cored; 0 m drilled; 103 % recovery
175-1082A * Latitude: -21.093940 * Longitude: 11.820580 * Date/Time Start: 1997-09-13T04:45:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-09-16T00:05:00 * Elevation: -1279.3 m * Penetration: 600.6 m * Recovery: 502.01 m * Location: Benguela Current, South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg175 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 64 cores; 600.6 m cored; 0 m drilled; 83.6 % recovery
Size:
4 datasets

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