Koizumi, Itaru; Yamamoto, Hirofumi (2010): Vertical distribution of diatoms in North Pacific sediments. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.776366, Supplement to: Koizumi, I; Yamamoto, H (2010): Paleoceanographic evolution of North Pacific surface water off Japan during the past 150,000 years. Marine Micropaleontology, 74(3-4), 108-118, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marmicro.2010.01.003
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Hydrographic variability in the Mixed Water Region of the Northwest Pacific Ocean at latitudes 35°-40°N, between the Kuroshio Extension and Oyashio Front, causes complex upwelling, leading to large primary productivity and thus great fishery resources. We reconstructed the periodicity of the variability in North Pacific Intermediate Water upwelling and surface ocean hydrography based on the high-resolution analysis of diatom assemblages in seven cores, representing the last 150,000 years. We derived annual sea surface temperatures (SSTs) through a diatom-based proxy (Td'). The Td'-derived annual SSTs (°C) are controlled by orbital forcing, and show a reversed saw-tooth in southern cores, in contrast to a normal saw-tooth pattern in the northern cores. Oceanic diatom abundances along the northern margin of the Mixed Water Region are twice times as high as beneath the axis of the Kuroshio Extension, and fluctuated in a revised saw-tooth pattern with higher overall abundances interglacials. After the last deglaciation, annual SSTs declined markedly during Heinrich and Bond events in the northern North Atlantic, when ice-rafted detritus transported by icebergs was abundant. Wavelet analyses of the record of oceanic diatom abundances show significant variability at 2.0-kyr, 2 to 5.6-kyr and 3.2 to 9.6-kyr periods. Wavelet analyses of the annual SST records show significant periodicity at 1.4 to 2.6-kyr, 3.3 to 4.0-kyr, 7.2 to 12.8-kyr cycles.
Median Latitude: 38.477916 * Median Longitude: 146.055987 * South-bound Latitude: 36.000000 * West-bound Longitude: 141.780000 * North-bound Latitude: 40.560000 * East-bound Longitude: 152.000000
Date/Time Start: 1999-06-22T18:30:00 * Date/Time End: 2001-06-16T04:33:00
186-1150A * Latitude: 39.181910 * Longitude: 143.331910 * Date/Time Start: 1999-06-22T18:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-06-26T22:15:00 * Elevation: -2680.8 m * Penetration: 722.6 m * Recovery: 566.4 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg186 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 76 cores; 722.6 m cored; 0 m drilled; 78.4 % recovery
MD01-2421 (MD012421) * Latitude: 36.023500 * Longitude: 141.780000 * Date/Time: 2001-06-16T04:33:00 * Elevation: -2286.0 m * Recovery: 45.84 m * Location: Japan Trench * Campaign: MD122 (IMAGES VII - WEPAMA) * Basis: Marion Dufresne * Device: Giant piston corer (GPC)