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Chen, Liang; Zonneveld, Karin A F; Versteegh, Gerard J M (2011): Radiocarbon dates and dinoflagellate cysts of sediment core DP30PC. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Chen, L et al. (2011): Short term climate variability during "Roman Classical Period" in the eastern Mediterranean. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30(27-28), 3880-3891,

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To obtain insight into character and potential forcing of short-term climatic and oceanographic variability in the southern Italian region during the "Roman Classical Period" (60 BC-AD 200), climatic and environmental reconstructions based on a dinoflagelate cyst record from a well dated site in the Gulf of Taranto located at the distal end of the Po-river discharge plume have been established with high temporal resolution. Short-term fluctuations in accumulation rates of the Adriatic Surface Water species Lingulodinium machaerophorum, the freshwater algae Concentricystes and species resistant to aerobic degradation indicate that fluctuations in the trophic state of the upper waters are related to river discharge of northern and eastern Italian rivers which in turn are strongly related to precipitation in Italy.
The dinoflagellate cyst association indicates that local sea surface temperatures which in this region are strongly linked to local air temperatures were slightly higher than today. We reconstruct that sea surface temperatures have been relatively high and stable between 60 BC-AD 90 and show a decreasing trend after AD 90. Fluctuations in temperature and river discharge rates have a strong cyclic character with main cyclicities of 7-8 and 11 years. We argue that these cycles are related to variations of the North Atlantic Oscillation climate mode. A strong correlation is observed with global variation in Delta14C anomalies suggesting that solar variability might be one of the major forcings of the regional climate. Apart from cyclic climate variability we observed a good correlation between non-cyclic temperature drops and global volcanic activity indicating that the latter forms an additional major forcing factor of the southern Italian climate during the Roman Classical Period.
climate; Dinoflagellate cysts; North Atlantic Oscillation; Roman Classical Period
Latitude: 39.834500 * Longitude: 17.800800
DP30PC * Latitude: 39.834500 * Longitude: 17.800800 * Elevation: -270.0 m * Campaign: 64PE297 * Basis: Pelagia * Method/Device: Piston corer (PC)
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