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Johnson, Katherine; Hayward, Bruce W; Holbourn, Ann (2011): Benthic foraminifera extinction groups population in Middle Miocene sediments. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Johnson, K et al. (2011): Impact of the Middle Miocene climate transition on elongate, cylindrical foraminifera in the subtropical Pacific. Marine Micropaleontology, 78(1-2), 50-64,

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Fifty-eight species of elongate, cylindrical benthic foraminifera (here referred to as the Extinction Group) belonging to genera that became extinct during the mid-Pleistocene Climate Transition (MPT), were documented (~50 kyr resolution) through the early middle Miocene (15-13 Ma) in two sites on opposite sides of the subtropical Pacific Ocean (ODP Sites 1146, South China Sea; ODP Site 1237, southeast Pacific). The study was undertaken to investigate the response of the Extinction Group (Ext. Gp) to the major cooling during the middle Miocene Climate Transition (MCT) to look for clues that might explain the causes of the extinction during the glacials of the mid-Pleistocene Climate Transition. Ext. Gp faunal differences between the two sites (attributed to regional and bathymetric differences in food supply to the seafloor) are greater than those that occurred through the 2 myr time span at either site. The middle Miocene Climate Transition was not an interval of enhanced species turnover or a decline in Ext. Gp abundance, in contrast to the major extinctions that occurred during the mid-Pleistocene Climate Transition. Distinct changes in the composition of the Ext. Gp faunas did occur through this time (more pronounced in Site 1237). At both sites the pre-middle Miocene Climate Transition faunas were transformed into their post-middle Miocene Climate Transition composition during the period of major cooling (14.0-13.7 Ma). During this transition interval the faunal composition swung back and forth between the two end member faunas. These faunal changes are attributed to changes in productivity (decrease in South China Sea, increase in southeast Pacific), brought about by major changes in global climate and continental aridity.
Median Latitude: 1.724832 * Median Longitude: -160.052687 * South-bound Latitude: -16.007017 * West-bound Longitude: 116.272710 * North-bound Latitude: 19.456680 * East-bound Longitude: -76.378083
Date/Time Start: 1999-03-21T23:45:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-04-26T00:00:00
184-1146A * Latitude: 19.456680 * Longitude: 116.272710 * Date/Time Start: 1999-03-21T23:45:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-03-25T13:30:00 * Elevation: -2091.1 m * Penetration: 607 m * Recovery: 603.85 m * Location: South China Sea * Campaign: Leg184 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 64 cores; 607 m cored; 0 m drilled; 99.5 % recovery
202-1237 * Latitude: -16.007017 * Longitude: -76.378083 * Date/Time: 2002-04-26T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3212.3 m * Penetration: 896.2 m * Recovery: 771 m * Location: South Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg202 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 79 cores; 744.7 m cored; 151.5 m drilled; 103.5 % recovery
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