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Lapierre, Henriette; Taylor, Rex N; Rouer, Olivier; Chaisemartin, Hervé (2012): Geochemistry of volcanic rocks of ODP Holes 126-792E and 126-793B. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Lapierre, H et al. (1992): Mineral chemistry of forearc volcanic rocks from the Izu-Bonin Arc, Holes 792E and 793B. In: Taylor, B; Fujioka, K; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 126, 431-447,

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The Izu-Bonin forearc basement volcanic rocks recovered from Holes 792E and 793B show the same phenocrystic assemblage (i.e., plagioclase, two pyroxenes, and Fe-Ti oxides ±olivine), but they differ in the crystallization sequence and their phenocryst chemistry. All the igneous rocks have suffered low-grade hydrothermal alteration caused by interaction with seawater. As a result, only clinopyroxenes, plagioclases, and oxides have preserved their primary igneous compositions.
The Neogene olivine-clinopyroxene diabasic intrusion (Unit II) recovered from Hole 793B differs from the basement basaltic andesites because it lacks Cr-spinels and contains abundant titanomagnetites (Usp38.5-46.4) and uncommon FeO-rich (FeO = 29%) spinels. It displays petrological and geochemical similarities to the Izu Arc volcanoes and, thus, can be considered as related to Izu-Bonin Arc magmatic activity.
The titanomagnetites (Usp28.5-33) in the calc-alkaline andesitic fragments of the Oligocene volcaniclastic breccia in Hole 793B (Unit VI) represent an early crystallization phase. The Plagioclase phenocrysts enclosed in these rocks show oscillatory zoning and are less Ca-rich (An78.6-67.8) than the plagioclase phenocrysts of the diabase sill and the basement basaltic andesites. Their clinopyroxenes are Fe-rich augites (Fs ? 19.4; FeO = 12%) and thus, differ significantly from the clinopyroxenes of the Hole 793B arc-tholeiitic igneous rocks.
The 30-32 Ma porphyritic, two-pyroxene andesites recovered from Hole 792E are very similar to the andesitic clasts of the Neogene breccia recovered in Hole 793B (Unit VI). Both rocks have the same crystallization sequence, and similar chemistry of the Fe-Ti oxides, clinopyroxenes, and plagioclases: that is, Ti-rich (Usp25.5-30.4) magnetites, Fe-rich augites, and intensely oscillatory zoned plagioclases with bytownitic cores (An86-63) and labradorite rims (An73-68). They display a calc-alkaline differentiation trend (Taylor et al., this volume).
So, the basement highly porphyritic andesites recovered at Hole 792E, and the Hole 793B andesitic clasts of Unit VI show the same petrological and geochemical characteristics, which are that of calc-alkaline suites. These Oligocene volcanic rocks represent likely the remnants of the Izu-Bonin normal arc magmatic activity, before the forearc rifting and extension.
The crystallization sequence in the basaltic andesites recovered from Hole 793B is olivine-orthopyroxene-clinopyroxene-plagioclase-Fe-Ti oxides, indicating a tholeiitic differentiation trend for these volcanic rocks. Type i is an olivine-and Cr-spinel bearing basaltic andesite whereas Type ii is a porphyritic pyroxene-rich basaltic andesite. The porphyritic plagioclase-rich basaltic andesite (Type iii) is similar, in most respects, to Type ii lavas but contains plagioclase phenocrysts. The last, and least common lava is an aphyric to sparsely phyric andesite (Type iv). Cr-spinels, included either in the olivine pseudomorphs of Type i lavas or in the groundmass of Type ii lavas, are Cr-rich and Mg-rich. In contrast, Cr-spinels included in clinopyroxenes and orthopyroxenes (Types i and ii lavas) show lower Cr* and Mg* ratios and higher aluminium contents. Orthopyroxenes from all rock types are Mg-rich enstatites. Clinopyroxenes display endiopsidic to augitic compositions and are TiO2 and Al2O3 depleted. All the crystals exhibit strong zoning patterns, usually normal, although, reverse zoning patterns are not uncommon. The plagioclases show compositions within the range of An90-64. The Fe-Ti oxides of the groundmass are TiO2-poor (Usp16-17).
The Hole 793B basaltic andesites show, like the Site 458 bronzites from the Mariana forearc, intermediate features between arc tholeiites and boninites: (1) Cr-spinel in olivine, (2) presence of Mg-rich bronzite, Ca-Mg-rich clinopyroxenes, and Ca-plagioclase phenocrysts, and (3) transitional trace element depletion and epsioln-Nd ratios between arc tholeiites and boninites. Thus, the forearc magmatism of the Izu-Bonin and Mariana arcs, linked to rifting and extension, is represented by a depleted tholeiitic suite that displays boninitic affinities.
Median Latitude: 31.493997 * Median Longitude: 140.735600 * South-bound Latitude: 31.105910 * West-bound Longitude: 140.379300 * North-bound Latitude: 32.399800 * East-bound Longitude: 140.888100
Date/Time Start: 1989-05-17T17:25:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-06-17T18:55:00
126-792B * Latitude: 32.399800 * Longitude: 140.380700 * Date/Time Start: 1989-05-17T17:25:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-05-18T08:10:00 * Elevation: -1798.0 m * Penetration: 146.4 m * Recovery: 43.59 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg126 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 11 core; 100.7 m cored; 0 m drilled; 43.3 % recovery
126-792E * Latitude: 32.399400 * Longitude: 140.379300 * Date/Time Start: 1989-05-19T04:55:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-05-26T06:40:00 * Elevation: -1798.0 m * Penetration: 885.9 m * Recovery: 362.07 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg126 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 78 cores; 750.3 m cored; 0 m drilled; 48.3 % recovery
126-793B * Latitude: 31.105910 * Longitude: 140.888100 * Date/Time Start: 1989-05-27T18:10:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-06-17T18:55:00 * Elevation: -2975.0 m * Penetration: 1682 m * Recovery: 697.94 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg126 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 114 cores; 1095.5 m cored; 0 m drilled; 63.7 % recovery
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