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Maiorano, Patrizia; Marino, Maria; Flores, José-Abel (2009): Calcareous nannofossils of ODP Hole 177-1090D. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Maiorano, P et al. (2009): The warm interglacial Marine Isotope Stage 31: Evidences from the calcareous nannofossil assemblages at Site 1090 (Southern Ocean). Marine Micropaleontology, 71(3-4), 166-175,

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Calcareous nannofossil assemblages have been investigated at Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 1090 located in the modern Subantarctic Zone, through the Pleistocene Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 34-29, between 1150 and 1000 ka. A previously developed age model and new biostratigraphic constraints provide a reliable chronological framework for the studied section and allow correlation with other records. Two relevant biostratigraphic events have been identified: the First Common Occurrence of Reticulofenestra asanoi, distinctly correlated to MIS 31-32; the re-entry of medium Gephyrocapsa at MIS 29, unexpectedly similar to what was observed at low latitude sites.
The composition of the calcareous nannofossil assemblage permits identification of three intervals (I-III). Intervals I and III, correlated to MIS 34-32 and MIS 30-29 respectively, are identified as characteristic of water masses located south of the Subtropical Front and reflecting the southern border of Subantarctic Zone, at the transition with the Polar Front Zone. This evidence is consistent with the hypothesis of a northward shift of the frontal system in the early Pleistocene with respect to the present position and therefore a northernmost location of the Subantarctic Front. During interval II, which is correlated to MIS 31, calcareous nannofossil assemblages display the most significant change, characterized by a distinct increase of Syracosphaera spp. and Helicosphaera carteri, lasting about 20 ky. An integrated analysis of calcareous nannofossil abundances and few mineralogical proxies suggests that during interval II, Site 1090 experienced the influence of subtropical waters, possibly related to a southward migration of the Subtropical Front, coupled with an expansion of the warmer Agulhas Current at the core location. This pronounced warming event is associated to a minimum in the austral summer insolation. The present results provide a broader framework on the Mid-Pleistocene dynamic of the ocean frontal system in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, as well as additional evidence on the variability of the Indian-Atlantic ocean exchange.
Latitude: -42.913600 * Longitude: 8.900000
Date/Time Start: 1997-12-28T23:25:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-12-30T00:55:00
177-1090D * Latitude: -42.913600 * Longitude: 8.900000 * Date/Time Start: 1997-12-28T23:25:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-12-30T00:55:00 * Elevation: -3702.1 m * Penetration: 225.9 m * Recovery: 213.64 m * Location: South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg177 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 24 cores; 225.9 m cored; 0 m drilled; 94.6 % recovery
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