Fujioka, Kantaro; Saito, Saneatsu (1992): Geochemistry and structural formulas of heavy minerals from sands and sandstones of ODP Leg 126 samples. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.773409, Supplement to: Fujioka, K; Saito, S (1992): Composition of heavy minerals from sands and sandstones of the Izu-Bonin Arc, Leg 126. In: Taylor, B; Fujioka, K; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 126, 155-169, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.126.125.1992
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Lower Oligocene to Pleistocene volcaniclastic sands and sandstones recovered around the Izu-Bonin Arc during Ocean Drilling Program Leg 126 were derived entirely from Izu-Bonin Arc volcanism. Individual grains consist of volcanic glass, pumice, scoria, basaltic or andesitic fragments, plagioclase, pyroxene, and minor olivine and hornblende. In Pliocene-Pleistocene samples plagioclase and heavy minerals in the volcaniclastic sands and sandstones are present in the following abundances: plagioclase > orthopyroxene > clinopyroxene > pigeonite > olivine. In contrast, plagioclase and heavy minerals found in Oligocene-Miocene samples occur in the following order: plagioclase > clinopyroxene > orthopyroxene > hornblende.
The low concentration of Al, Ti, and Cr in calcium-rich clinopyroxenes in Oligocene to Holocene sediments suggests that the sources of the volcaniclastic detritus were nonalkalic igneous rocks. There are, however, some distinctive differences in the chemical composition of pyroxene between the Pliocene-Pleistocene and Oligocene-Miocene volcaniclastic sands and sandstones. Orthopyroxene belongs to the hypersthene-ferrohypersthene series (Fe-rich) in Pliocene-Pleistocene sediments, and the bronzitehypersthene series (Mg-rich) in Oligocene-Miocene sediments. Clinopyroxene is characterized by augite and pigeonite in Pliocene-Pleistocene sediments, and by the diopside-augite series in Oligocene-Miocene sediments.
Mineral assemblages and mineral chemistry of the volcaniclastic sands and sandstones reflect those of the volcanic source rocks. Therefore, the observed changes in mineralogy record the historical change in volcanism of the Izu-Bonin Arc. The mineralogy is consistent with the geochemistry of the volcaniclastic sands and sandstones and the geochemistry of forearc volcanic rocks of the Izu-Bonin Arc since the Oligocene.
Median Latitude: 31.589376 * Median Longitude: 140.299586 * South-bound Latitude: 30.910900 * West-bound Longitude: 139.837000 * North-bound Latitude: 32.399800 * East-bound Longitude: 140.888200
Date/Time Start: 1989-04-15T03:15:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-06-17T18:55:00
126-787A * Latitude: 32.375700 * Longitude: 140.749400 * Date/Time Start: 1989-04-23T20:10:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-04-24T14:55:00 * Elevation: -3265.0 m * Penetration: 34.5 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg126 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 0 cores; 0 m cored; 0 m drilled
126-787B * Latitude: 32.375700 * Longitude: 140.749400 * Date/Time Start: 1989-04-24T14:55:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-04-27T12:00:00 * Elevation: -3265.0 m * Penetration: 320.1 m * Recovery: 159.88 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg126 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 34 cores; 320.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 49.9 % recovery
126-788C * Latitude: 30.922000 * Longitude: 140.003800 * Date/Time Start: 1989-05-14T01:20:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-05-15T03:15:00 * Elevation: -1113.0 m * Penetration: 262.5 m * Recovery: 146.15 m * Location: Philippine Sea * Campaign: Leg126 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 28 cores; 258.5 m cored; 0 m drilled; 56.5 % recovery