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Klevenz, Verena; Bach, Wolfgang; Schmidt, Katja; Hentscher, Michael; Koschinsky, Andrea; Petersen, Sven (2011): (Table 2) Major and trace elements in black smoker particulates. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.772620,
Supplement to: Klevenz, V et al. (2011): Geochemistry of vent fluid particles formed during initial hydrothermal fluid-seawater mixing along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 12, Q0AE05, doi:10.1029/2011GC003704

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Abstract:
We present geochemical data of black smoker particulates filtered from hydrothermal fluids with seawater-dilutions ranging from 0-99%. Results indicate the dominance of sulphide minerals (Fe, Cu, and Zn sulphides) in all samples taken at different hydrothermal sites on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Pronounced differences in the geochemistry of the particles between Logatchev I and 5°S hydrothermal fields could be attributed to differences in fluid chemistry. Lower metal/sulphur ratios (Me/H2S < 1) compared to Logatchev I result in a larger amount of particles precipitated per liter fluid and the occurrence of elemental sulphur at 5°S, while at Logatchev I Fe oxides occur in larger amounts. Systematic trends with dilution degree of the fluid include the precipitation of large amounts of Cu sulphides at a low dilution and a pronounced drop with increasing dilution. Moreover, Fe (sulphides or oxides) precipitation increases with dilution of the vent fluid by seawater. Geochemical reaction path modeling of hydrothermal fluid-seawater mixing and conductive cooling indicates that Cu sulphide formation at Logatchev I and 5°S mainly occurs at high temperatures and low dilution of the hydrothermal fluid by seawater. Iron precipitation is enhanced at higher fluid dilution, and the different amounts of minerals forming at 5°S and Logatchev I are thermodynamically controlled. Larger total amounts of minerals and larger amounts of sulphide precipitate during the mixing path when compared to the cooling path. Differences between model and field observations do occur and are attributable to closed system modeling, to kinetic influences and possibly to organic constituents of the hydrothermal fluids not accounted for by the model.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 5.536619 * Median Longitude: -29.490768 * South-bound Latitude: -4.810670 * West-bound Longitude: -44.980600 * North-bound Latitude: 17.751000 * East-bound Longitude: -12.371167
Date/Time Start: 2006-05-10T14:24:00 * Date/Time End: 2009-04-24T14:29:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: m
Event(s):
HYDROMAR-V-13 (ATA-13ROV) * Latitude Start: 14.750767 * Longitude Start: -44.976783 * Latitude End: 14.750950 * Longitude End: -44.977350 * Date/Time Start: 2007-12-18T13:24:00 * Date/Time End: 2007-12-18T18:40:00 * Elevation Start: -2911.0 m * Elevation End: -2926.0 m * Location: Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 10-15°N * Campaign: HYDROMAR-V (LAtalante Leg1 (ATA07_12)) * Basis: L Atalante * Device: Remote operated vehicle (ROV) * Comment: Tools: SMoni, 1x Ti-major sampler, 2x He-sampler, 3x push core; 2 small bionets, 1 net with lid, 2 marker
HYDROMAR-V-17 (ATA-17ROV) * Latitude Start: 14.751667 * Longitude Start: -44.978067 * Latitude End: 14.751267 * Longitude End: -44.977800 * Date/Time Start: 2007-12-20T11:42:00 * Date/Time End: 2007-12-20T19:00:00 * Elevation Start: -2963.0 m * Elevation End: -2946.0 m * Location: Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 10-15°N * Campaign: HYDROMAR-V (LAtalante Leg1 (ATA07_12)) * Basis: L Atalante * Device: Remote operated vehicle (ROV) * Comment: Tools: SMoni, 1x Ti-major sampler, 2x He-sampler, 3x push cores; 3 smallbionets, 2 marker
HYDROMAR-V-24 (ATA-24ROV) * Latitude Start: 14.753167 * Longitude Start: -44.979617 * Latitude End: 14.752917 * Longitude End: -44.980600 * Date/Time Start: 2007-12-22T12:25:00 * Date/Time End: 2007-12-22T21:02:00 * Elevation Start: -3038.0 m * Elevation End: -3038.0 m * Location: Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 10-15°N * Campaign: HYDROMAR-V (LAtalante Leg1 (ATA07_12)) * Basis: L Atalante * Device: Remote operated vehicle (ROV) * Comment: Tools: OBT-2; SMoni, 2 small bionets,2 marker
Comment:
# = approximately equal
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Event labelEvent
2Area/localityAreaKlevenz, Verena
3Sample code/labelLabelKlevenz, Verena
4DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
5Hydrothermal fluidFluid%Klevenz, Verena
6Temperature, technicalT tech°CKlevenz, VerenaRefers to the maximum temperature measured in the vent orifice during the duration of one sampling procedure; it does not give the exact temperature of the respective sample.
7pHpHKlevenz, Verena
8SulfurSµmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-OES, Inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry
9IronFeµmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-OES, Inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry
10ZincZnµmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-OES, Inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry
11CopperCuµmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-OES, Inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry
12CalciumCaµmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-OES, Inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry
13MagnesiumMgµmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-OES, Inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry
14AluminiumAlµmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-OES, Inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry
15ManganeseMnnmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-OES, Inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry
16CopperCunmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-MS, Inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry
17LeadPbnmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-OES, Inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry
18CadmiumCdnmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-OES, Inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry
19StrontiumSr2+nmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-MS, Inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry
20MolybdenumMonmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-MS, Inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry
21BariumBanmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-MS, Inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry
22RubidiumRbnmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-MS, Inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry
23CaesiumCsnmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-MS, Inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry
24TungstenWnmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-MS, Inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry
25UraniumUnmol/lKlevenz, VerenaICP-MS, Inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry
Size:
936 data points

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