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Dupont, Lydie M; Caley, Thibaut; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Castañeda, Isla S; Malaizé, Bruno; Giraudeau, Jaques (2011): Pollen distribution of sediment core MD96-2048 from the Western Indian Ocean. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.771285, Supplement to: Dupont, LM et al. (2011): Glacial-interglacial vegetation dynamics in South Eastern Africa coupled to sea surface temperature variations in the Western Indian Ocean. Climate of the Past, 7(4), 1209-1224, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-7-1209-2011

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Abstract:
Glacial-interglacial fluctuations in the vegetation of South Africa might elucidate the climate system at the edge of the tropics between the Indian and Atlantic Oceans. However, vegetation records covering a full glacial cycle have only been published from the eastern South Atlantic. We present a pollen record of the marine core MD96-2048 retrieved by the Marion Dufresne from the Indian Ocean ~120 km south of the Limpopo River mouth. The sedimentation at the site is slow and continuous. The upper 6 m (spanning the past 342 Ka) have been analysed for pollen and spores at millennial resolution. The terrestrial pollen assemblages indicate that during interglacials, the vegetation of eastern South Africa and southern Mozambique largely consisted of evergreen and deciduous forests. During glacials open mountainous scrubland dominated. Montane forest with Podocarpus extended during humid periods was favoured by strong local insolation. Correlation with the sea surface temperature record of the same core indicates that the extension of mountainous scrubland primarily depends on sea surface temperatures of the Agulhas Current. Our record corroborates terrestrial evidence of the extension of open mountainous scrubland (including fynbos-like species of the high-altitude Grassland biome) for the last glacial as well as for other glacial periods of the past 300 Ka.
Coverage:
Latitude: -26.166700 * Longitude: 34.016700
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.00 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 6.10 m
Event(s):
MD96-2048 * Latitude: -26.166700 * Longitude: 34.016700 * Elevation: -660.0 m * Campaign: MD104 (PEGASE) * Basis: Marion Dufresne * Device: Calypso Corer (CALYPSO)
Comment:
Age model after correlation of the oxygen isotopes of benthic foraminifera of MD96-2048 with the standard curve LR04 of Lisiecki & Raymo 2005.
Age model after correlation of the oxygen isotopes of benthic foraminifera of MD96-2048 with the curve H07 of Huybers 2007.
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
2Age modelAge modelkaDupont, Lydie MLR04
3Age modelAge modelkaDupont, Lydie MH07
4VolumeVolmlDupont, Lydie M
5Marker, addedMark add#Dupont, Lydie M
6Marker, foundMark found#Dupont, Lydie M
7Pollen totalPollen tot#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
8Fern sporesFern spores#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynologysumferns
9Lycopodium (Africa)Lycopodi#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
10PterisPes#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
11Anemia-typeAnemia-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
12Lycopodium cernuumLycocern#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
13PhaeocerosPhaeoc#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
14AnthocerosAos#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
15AcanthaceaeAcanteae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
16Hypoestes typeHypoes-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
17DracaenaDracaena#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
18AizoaceaeAizoeae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
19AlismataceaeAliae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
20LanneaLannea#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
21Rhus-typeRhu-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
22Sorindeia-type juglandifoliaSorind-T jugl#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
23Ilex cf. I. mitisIlexmiti#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
24Borassus-typeBorass-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
25HyphaeneHyph#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
26PhoenixPhoenix#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
27RaphiaRaphia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
28Cotula-typeCotula-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
29Daisy-typeDaisy-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
30Gazania-typeGazania-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
31Compositae LigulifloraeAsteLigu#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
32Pentzia-typePentzia-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
33Stoebe-typeStoebe-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
34Artemisia (Africa)Artemisi#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
35Compositae TubulifloraeAsteTubu#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
36Compositae VernonieaeAsteVern#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
37BalanitesBalanite#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
38Buxus-type madagascariaBux-T madagasc#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
39BrachystegiaBrachyst#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
40BurkeaBurkea#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
41Cassia-typeCassia-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
42Peltophorum africanumP. africanum#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
43CampanulaceaeCamae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
44Boscia-typeBoscia-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
45CleomeCleome#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
46CaryophyllaceaeCphae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
47Polycarpaea-typePcarpaea-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
48Celastraceae/HippocrateaceaeCela/Hipp#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
49Amaranthaceae/ChenopodiaceaeChen/Amar#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
50ParinariParinari#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
51GarciniaGarcinia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
52Combretaceae/MelastomataceaeComb/Mela#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
53Cnestis-typeCnesti-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
54Evolvulus-typeEvolvulus-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
55Cyperaceae (africa)Cyperac (afr)#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
56DiospyrosDiospyro#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
57EucleaEuclea#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
58Erica (Africa)Erica#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
59AlchorneaAlchornea#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
60BrideliaBridelia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
61Croton-typeCroton-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
62EuphorbiaEup#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
63HymenocardiaHymenoca#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
64KlaineanthusKlainean#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
65MacarangaMacaranga#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
66MallotusMallotus#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
67Pseudolachnostylis-typePseudolachnostylis-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
68UapacaUapaca#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
69TetrorchidiumTetrorch#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
70CrotalariaCrotalar#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
71Daniellia-typeDaniel-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
72PapilionoideaePapilion#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
73Indigofera-typeIndigo-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
74LonchocarpusLonchoca#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
75PterocarpusPterocar#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
76Tephrosia-typeTephrosia-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
77Aloe-typeAloe-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
78TapinanthusTapinant#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
79KhayaKhaya#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
80Sapotaceae/MeliaceaeSapo/Meli#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
81AcaciaAca#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
82MyricaMyr#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
83Myrsine africanaMyrsine#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
84LophiraLophira#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
85OleaOle#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
86SchreberaSchreber#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
87PlantagoPla#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
88Poaceae undifferentiatedPoac.ud#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
89PodocarpusPod#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
90Polygonum senegalense-typePolyse-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
91ProteaProtea#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
92RhamnaceaeRhaae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
93Ziziphus-typeZiziphus-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
94RhizophoraRhiz#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
95AnthospermumAnthosp#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
96Coffea-typeCoffea-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
97Rubiaceae monadeRubea.m#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
98BorreriaBorreria#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
99Stipularia africanaStipular#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
100ZanthoxylumZanthoxy#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
101Dodonaea villosaD. villosa#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
102ChrysophyllumChrysophyllum#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
103ManilkaraManilkar#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
104SapotaceaeSapeae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
105Stephanocolporate striatoreticulateS. striatoreticulate#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
106SolanumSol#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
107Dombeya-typeDombeya-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
108Passerina montanaP. montana#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
109ThymelaeaceaeThyae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
110Typha angustifolia-typeTyp.a-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
111GrewiaGrewia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
112CeltisCel#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
113UrticaceaeUrtae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
114TribulusTus#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
115RestionaceaeRestceae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
116Dicliptera-typeDicliptera-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
117Justicia-typeJusticia-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
118PetalidiumPetalidi#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
119RuelliaRuellia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
120Limnophyton-typeLimnophyton-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
121RauvolfiaRauvolfi#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
122Strophanthus-typeStrophan-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
123CussoniaCussonia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
124ScheffleraScheffl#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
125Elaeis guineensisElaeguin#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
126AvicenniaAvicenni#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
127Kigelia-typeKigelia-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
128StereospermumStereosp#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
129CommiphoraCommipho#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
130AfzeliaAfzelia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
131Isoberlinia-typeBerlin-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
132CaesalpinioideaeCaesalpi#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
133Cynometra-typeCynom-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
134Dialium-typeDialiu-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
135PiliostigmaPiliosti#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
136Tamarindus-type indicaTamarindus-T indica#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
137CapparisCap#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
138CasuarinaCau#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
139Lumnitzera racemosaL. racemosa#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
140CommelinaceaeCommceae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
141CucumisCuc#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
142LuffaLuffa#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
143Scabiosa-typeScb-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
144AcalyphaAcalypha#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
145CaperoniaCaperonia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
146Euphorbiaceae undifferentiatedEuphceae.ud#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
147SecurinegaSecurine#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
148Pentabrachion-type reticulatumPenta-T retic#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
149Spirostachys africanaS. africana#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
150Baphia-typeBaphia-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
151ErythrinaErythrina#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
152MillettiaMillettia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
153OrmocarpumOrmocarp#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
154AfrormosiaAfrormos#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
155Rhynchosia-typeRhynch-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
156PelargoniumPelargon#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
157Gunnera perpensaG. perpensa#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
158LeonotisLeonotis#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
159OcimumOci#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
160Petersianthus macrocarpusPetersia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
161LeeaLeea#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
162LiliaceaeLilae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
163Lobelia (Africa)Lobelia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
164StrychnosStrychno#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
165FlabellariaFlabella#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
166TrichiliaTrichili#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
167MimosoideaeMimosoid#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
168Piptadeniastrum-type africanumPiptad-T afri#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
169MoraceaeMorae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
170CephalosphaeraCephalosphaera#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
171EugeniaEugenia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
172NyctaginaceaeNyctceae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
173NymphaeaNym#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
174OchnaOchna#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
175PandanusPandanus#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
176OxygonumOxyg#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
177Polygonum aviculare-typePol.i-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
178RumexRum#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
179Clematis-typeClm-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
180CliffortiaCliffortia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
181CanthiumCanthium#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
182CrossopteryxCrossopt#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
183CuvieraCuviera#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
184GaertneraGaertner#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
185GaliumGal#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
186MitragynaMitragyn#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
187Morelia senegalensisMorelia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
188PsychotriaPsychotr#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
189Psydrax-type subcordataPsydrax subc#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
190Fadogia-typeFadogia-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
191AfraegleAfraegle#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
192Teclea-typeTeclea-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
193AllophylusAllophyl#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
194Blighia-typeBlighi-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
195Deinbollia-typeDeinbollia-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
196HaplocoelumHaplocoelum#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
197ButyrospermumButyrosp#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
198Scrophulariaceae (Africa)Scrophul#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
199Selago-typeSelago-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
200Sutera-typeSutera-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
201Zaluzianskya-typeZaluz-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
202Cola cordifoliaC. cordifolia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
203Heritiera-typeHeriti-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
204HermanniaHermannia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
205MelochiaMelochia#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
206Sterculia-typeStercu-T#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
207WaltheriaWaltheria#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
208UrticaceaeUrtae#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
209CissusCissus#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
210FagoniaFan#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
211ZygophyllumZyg#Dupont, Lydie MCounting, palynology
Size:
24360 data points

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