Teichert, Barbara M A; Eisenhauer, Anton; Bohrmann, Gerhard; Haase-Schramm, Alexandra; Bock, Barbara; Linke, Peter (2003): U/Th systematics of authigenic carbonates and δ¹⁸O records from Hydrate Ridge, off the coast of Oregon, USA. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.769953, Supplement to: Teichert, BMA et al. (2003): U/Th systematics and ages of authigenic carbonates from Hydrate Ridge, Cascadia Margin: Recorders of fluid flow variations. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(20), 3845-3857, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7037(03)00128-5
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Uranium (U) concentrations and activity ratios (d234U) of authigenic carbonates are sensitive recorders of different fluid compositions at submarine seeps of hydrocarbon-rich fluids ("cold seeps") at Hydrate Ridge, off the coast of Oregon, USA. The low U concentrations (mean: 1.3 ± 0.4 µg/g) and high 234U values (165-317 per mil) of gas hydrate carbonates reflect the influence of sedimentary pore water indicating that these carbonates were formed under reducing conditions below or at the seafloor. Their 230Th/234U ages span a time interval from 0.8 to 6.4 ka and cluster around 1.2 and 4.7 ka. In contrast, chemoherm carbonates precipitate from marine bottom water marked by relatively high U concentrations (mean: 5.2 ± 0.8 µg/g) and a mean d234U ratio of 166 ± 3 per mil. Their U isotopes reflect the d234U ratios of the bottom water being enriched in 234U relative to normal seawater. Simple mass balance calculations based on U concentrations and their corresponding d234U ratios reveal a contribution of about 11% of sedimentary pore water to the bottom water. From the U pore water flux and the reconstructed U pore water concentration a mean flow rate of about 147 ± 68 cm/a can be estimated. 230Th/234U ages of chemoherm carbonates range from 7.3 to 267.6 ka. 230Th/234U ages of two chemoherms (Alvin and SE-Knoll chemoherm) correspond to time intervals of low sealevel stands in marine isotope stages (MIS) 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8. This observation indicates that fluid flow at cold seep sites sensitively reflects pressure changes of the hydraulic head in the sediments. The d18OPDB ratios of the chemoherm carbonates support the hypothesis of precipitation during glacial times. Deviations of the chemoherm d18O values from the marine d18O record can be interpreted as to reflect temporally and spatially varying bottom water and/or vent fluid temperatures during carbonate precipitation between 2.6 and 8.6°C.
Teichert, Barbara M A; Eisenhauer, Anton; Bohrmann, Gerhard; Haase-Schramm, Alexandra; Bock, Barbara; Linke, Peter (2004): Erratum to "U/Th Systematics and ages of authigenic carbonates from Hydrate Ridge, Cascadia Margin: Recorders of fluid flow variations" [Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 67(20), 3845-3857]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 68(10), 2401-2403, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2004.01.001
Median Latitude: 44.542880 * Median Longitude: -125.092853 * South-bound Latitude: 44.448233 * West-bound Longitude: -125.153000 * North-bound Latitude: 44.674333 * East-bound Longitude: -125.030317
Date/Time Start: 1996-06-01T21:58:00 * Date/Time End: 2000-08-09T00:00:00
3424-4-A * Latitude: 44.568330 * Longitude: -125.152830 * Elevation: -812.0 m * Campaign: AT3-35B * Basis: Atlantis (1997) * Method/Device: Manipulator arm (ROV_MA)
3428-6-A * Latitude: 44.568167 * Longitude: -125.150667 * Elevation: -774.0 m * Campaign: AT3-35B * Basis: Atlantis (1997) * Method/Device: Manipulator arm (ROV_MA)
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Teichert, BMA; Eisenhauer, A; Bohrmann, G et al. (2003): (Table 2) U and Th isotopic compositions of authigenic carbonates, bottom- and pore water and 230Th/234U ages of authigenic carbonates. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.769895
- Teichert, BMA; Eisenhauer, A; Bohrmann, G et al. (2003): (Table 3) δ¹⁸O of chemoherm carbonate samples, Delta d18O, past d18O seawater values, fractionation factor alpha aragonite-seawater, reconstructed past seawater/fluid temperature and marine isotopic stages. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.769952