Mascle, Georges; Tricart, Pierre; Torelli, Luigi; Bouillin, Jean-Pierre; Rolfo, Franco; Lapierre, Henriette; Monié, Patrick; Depardon, Stephane; Mascle, Jean; Peis, Davide (2001): Chemical analysis and argon geochronology from dive SAR_1 on Cornacya seamount of the Sardinia Channel. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.767515, Supplement to: Mascle, G et al. (2001): Evolution of the Sardinia Channel (Western Mediterranean): new constraints from a diving survey on Cornacya seamount off SE Sardinia. Marine Geology, 179(3-4), 179-201, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-3227(01)00220-1
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Sarcya 1 dive explored a previously unknown 12 My old submerged volcano, labelled Cornacya. A well developed fracturation is characterised by the following directions: N 170 to N-S, N 20 to N 40, N 90 to N 120, N 50 to N 70, which corresponds to the fracturation pattern of the Sardinian margin. The sampled lavas exhibit features of shoshonitic suites of intermediate composition and include amphibole-and mica-bearing lamprophyric xenoliths which are geochemically similar to Ti-poor lamproites. Mica compositions reflect chemical exchanges between the lamprophyre and its shoshonitic host rock suggesting their simultaneous emplacement. Nd compositions of the Cornacya K-rich suite indicate that continental crust was largely involved in the genesis of these rocks. The spatial association of the lamprophyre with the shoshonitic rocks is geochemically similar to K-rich and TiO2-poor igneous suites, emplaced in post-collisional settings.
Among shoshonitic rocks, sample SAR 1-01 has been dated at 12.6±0.3 My using the 40Ar/39Ar method with a laser microprobe on single grains. The age of the Cornacya shoshonitic suite is similar to that of the Sisco lamprophyre from Corsica, which similarly is located on the western margin of the Tyrrhenian Sea. Thus, the Cornacya shoshonitic rocks and their lamprophyric xenolith and the Sisco lamprophyre could represent post-collisional suites emplaced during the lithospheric extension of the Corsica-Sardinia block, just after its rotation and before the Tyrrhenian sea opening. Drilling on the Sardinia margin (ODP Leg 107) shows that the upper levels of the present day margin (Hole 654) suffered tectonic subsidence before the lower part (Hole 652). The structure of this lower part is interpreted as the result of an eastward migration of the extension during Late Miocene and Early Pliocene times. Data of Cornacya volcano are in good agreement with this model and provide good chronological constraints for the beginning of the phenomenon.
Median Latitude: 39.065537 * Median Longitude: 10.297370 * South-bound Latitude: 39.061160 * West-bound Longitude: 10.286660 * North-bound Latitude: 39.077500 * East-bound Longitude: 10.303330
Date/Time Start: 1994-09-16T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1994-09-22T00:00:00
SAR_1-01 (Sarcya) * Latitude: 39.061160 * Longitude: 10.303330 * Date/Time: 1994-09-16T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2381.0 m * Location: Western Mediterranean * Campaign: Sarcya * Basis: Le Suroît * Device: Multiple investigations (MULT) * Comment: 10*8*7 cm, yellow-green ball, thin black crust, serpulians, andesite
SAR_1-03 (Sarcya) * Latitude: 39.061160 * Longitude: 10.296660 * Date/Time: 1994-09-18T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2207.0 m * Location: Western Mediterranean * Campaign: Sarcya * Basis: Le Suroît * Device: Multiple investigations (MULT) * Comment: 9*4*3 cm, light grey concretioned block, black in superficy, carbonatic concretion
SAR_1-05 (Sarcya) * Latitude: 39.074660 * Longitude: 10.290000 * Date/Time: 1994-09-20T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1839.0 m * Location: Western Mediterranean * Campaign: Sarcya * Basis: Le Suroît * Device: Multiple investigations (MULT) * Comment: 6*5*5 cm, yellow greenish ball, thin black crust, andesite