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Bölter, Manfred; Blume, Hans-Peter; Kappen, Ludger (2011): Analysis of soils from King George Island and Casey station, Antarctica. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Bölter, M et al. (1997): Bodenbiologische Untersuchungen in der maritimen und kontinentalen Antarktis (King George Island und Windmill Islands). Teil 1. Umweltparameter und anorganische Nährstoffe. Polarforschung, 65(1), 41-61, hdl:10013/epic.29740.d001

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A comparative study was carried out on soils of the maritime (Arctowski, King George Island) and the continental (Casey, Wilkes Land) Antarctic. Soil sampIes are described for surface layers (0-10 cm) by their in situ temperature profiles as well as by field and laboratory analyses of grain sizes, pH and nutrient contents. Active cryoturbation is a main factor of mixing processes in surfaces with high silt and clay content. In both regions processes of podzolisation were recognized. Microclimatic conditions show the importance of small scale processes which are of special importance for freeze-thaw cycles. The distribution of nutrients and other inorganic components is rather homogeneous in regosols and leptosols. But in soils with organic top layers by lichen and moss cushions (crusts) accumulation occurs as well as displacement of metal ions into deeper layers (>10 cm). Histosols show patterns of brown soils. Special attention is given to the origin of nitrogen compounts and the different ways of import of other components (e.g. chloride) into the Antarctic system are discussed.
Median Latitude: -65.250602 * Median Longitude: 68.282826 * South-bound Latitude: -66.283302 * West-bound Longitude: -58.468600 * North-bound Latitude: -62.152500 * East-bound Longitude: 110.533302
Date/Time Start: 1977-01-01T12:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-12-31T00:00:00
Arctowski-Station * Latitude: -62.152500 * Longitude: -58.468600 * Date/Time Start: 1977-01-01T12:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-12-31T12:00:00 * Elevation: 2.0 m * Location: King George Island, Antarctic Peninsula * Campaign: Arctowski_Meteo (Long-term meteorological data) * Basis: Henryk Arctowski Polish Ant. Station * Method/Device: Station (STAT)
Casey (g0278) * Latitude: -66.283302 * Longitude: 110.533302 * Date/Time Start: 1996-03-08T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-12-31T00:00:00 * Location: Indian Ocean * Campaign: SeaLevel * Method/Device: Tide gauge station (TGS)
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