Wand, Ulrich; Maaß, Ingeborg; Haendel, Dietmar (1992): Sulphur isotope analyses in the southern ocean and the central Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.763872, Supplement to: Wand, U et al. (1992): 34S-Messungen am Sulfat antarktischer Niederschläge, Seewässer und Salzausblühungen ein Beitrag zur Untersuchung des natürlichen Schwefelkreislaufs. Polarforschung, 61(2/3), 131-145, hdl:10013/epic.29687.d001
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Sulphur isotope analyses are an important tool for the study of the natural sulphur cycle. On the northern hemisphere such studies of the atmospheric part of the cycle are practically impossible due to the high emission rate of anthropogenic sulphur. Merely in remote areas of the world such as the Antarctic 34S analyses can be used to identify the various sulphur sources (sea spray, biogenic und volcanic sources). We report here results of 34S measurements on sulphates from recent atmospheric precipitations (snow), lake waters, and salt efflorescences sampled in the Schirmacher Oasis and the Gruber Mountains, central Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica. By plotting the delta 34S of precipitation versus % sea-spray sulphate the isotopic composition of the excess sulphate (which is probably of marine-biogenic origin) is extrapolated to be +4 per mil. Lake water sulphate and atmospheric precipitations have a comparable sulphur isotope composition (about +5 per mil). The analyzed secondary sulphates from the salt efflorescences, mainly gypsum and a few water-soluble sulphatcs (hexahydrite, epsomite, burkeite. and pickeringite), vary in their isotopic composition between about -12 and +8 per mil. This wide scatter is probably due to chemical weathering of primary sulphides having different delta 34S values in the substratum.
Median Latitude: -70.063425 * Median Longitude: 1.624628 * South-bound Latitude: -74.000000 * West-bound Longitude: -58.000000 * North-bound Latitude: -62.000000 * East-bound Longitude: 13.416700
Date/Time Start: 1981-02-05T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1984-01-19T00:00:00
Novolazarevskaya_Station * Latitude: -70.775000 * Longitude: 11.866700 * Location: Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica * Device: Multiple investigations (MULT)
Rozovoye * Latitude: -70.740000 * Longitude: 11.640000 * Location: Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica * Device: Multiple investigations (MULT) * Comment: position uncertain