Milkov, Alexei V; Claypool, George E; Lee, Young-Joo; Torres, Marta E; Borowski, Walter S; Tomaru, Hitoshi; Sassen, Roger; Long, Philip E; ODP Leg 204 Shipboard Scientific Party (2004): Molecular properties of gases of ODP Leg 204 sites. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.763253, Supplement to: Milkov, AV et al. (2004): Ethane enrichment and propane depletion in subsurface gases indicate gas hydrate occurrence in marine sediments at southern Hydrate Ridge offshore Oregon. Organic Geochemistry, 35(9), 1067-1080, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orggeochem.2004.04.003
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The recognition of finely disseminated gas hydrate in deep marine sediments heavily depends on various indirect techniques because this mineral quickly decomposes upon recovery from in situ pressure and temperature conditions. Here, we discuss molecular properties of closely spaced gas voids (formed as a result of core recovery) and gas hydrates from an area of relatively low gas flux at the flanks of the southern Hydrate Ridge offshore Oregon (ODP Sites 1244, 1245 and 1247). Within the gas hydrate occurrence zone (GHOZ), the concentration of ethane (C2) and propane (C3) in adjacent gas voids shows large variability. Sampled gas hydrates are enriched in C2 relative to void gases but do not contain C3. We suggest that the observed variations in the composition of void gases is a result of molecular fractionation during crystallization of structure I gas hydrate that contains C2 but excludes C3 from its crystal lattice. This hypothesis is used to identify discrete intervals of finely disseminated gas hydrate in cored sediments. Variations in gas composition help better constrain gas hydrate distribution near the top of the GHOZ along with variations in pore water chemistry and core temperature. Sediments near the base of the gas hydrate stability zone are relatively enriched in C2+ hydrocarbon gases. Complex and poorly understood geological and geochemical processes in these deeper sediments make the identification of gas hydrate based on molecular properties of void gases more ambiguous. The proposed technique appears to be a useful tool to better understand the distribution of gas hydrate in marine sediments and ultimately the role of gas hydrate in the global carbon cycle.
Median Latitude: 44.582334 * Median Longitude: -125.136041 * South-bound Latitude: 44.577650 * West-bound Longitude: -125.151280 * North-bound Latitude: 44.586300 * East-bound Longitude: -125.119530
Date/Time Start: 2002-07-12T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-08-24T19:15:00
204-1244 * Latitude: 44.586233 * Longitude: -125.119750 * Date/Time Start: 2002-07-12T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-08-22T00:00:00 * Elevation: -895.4 m * Penetration: 1051.2 m * Recovery: 545 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg204 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 69 cores; 555.5 m cored; 495.7 m drilled; 98.1 % recovery
204-1244C * Latitude: 44.586300 * Longitude: -125.119830 * Date/Time Start: 2002-07-13T12:45:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-07-16T05:30:00 * Elevation: -895.1 m * Penetration: 333.5 m * Recovery: 315.5 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg204 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 39 cores; 332 m cored; 1.5 m drilled; 95 % recovery
204-1244E * Latitude: 44.586180 * Longitude: -125.119530 * Date/Time Start: 2002-08-18T23:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-08-22T01:45:00 * Elevation: -893.3 m * Penetration: 250 m * Recovery: 137.73 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg204 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 19 cores; 135.8 m cored; 114.2 m drilled; 101.4 % recovery