Noakes, TD; Longton, RE (1988): Table 2: Evaporation from individual shoots of antarctic mosses. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.762899,hdl:10013/epic.29608.d001Supplement to: Noakes, TD; Longton, RE (1988): 2.4 Pathways of water movement in relation to structure and micromorphology in Antarctic Mosses. Polarforschung, 58(2/3), 125-138,
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Experimental observations on pathways of water movement are discussed in relation to anatomical and micromorphological features of five moss species from Signy Island, South Orkney Islands. Significant internal uptake of water was recorded only in the mesic species Polytrichum alpinum (internal=>60% of total) and Bartramia patens (internal=c.30% of total), in experiments in which uptake by cut shoots was compared in individuals with the external pathway blocked, and others with both external and internal pathways open. Internal uptake maintained shoot water content close to full turgor in P. alpinun and at 30% of full tugor in B. patens, whereas water content fell to 12-15% dry wt. in the lithophytes Andreaea gainii and Schistidium antarctici and in the mesic/hydric species Drepanocladus uncinatus, with the external pathway blocked. Where both pathways were open water uptake from below maintained water content at or above full turgor in shoots of all five species. External water uptake by capillarity occurred most rapidly in the lithophytes, and was slower in initially air-dry than in hydrated shoots of the other species. The spreading limbs of leaves in B. patens and P. alpinum are water-repellent, as are the bright green leaves in the apical 1-2 mm of dry shoots of the lithophytes. A central strand of hydroids is well-developed only in B. patens and P. alpinum. These two species have deposits of surface wax on parts of the leaves, and surface wax also occurs on the green apical leaves in some specimens of S. antarcticum and other lithophytes from Signy Island.
Latitude: -60.700001 * Longitude: -45.599998
Date/Time Start: 1988-12-19T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2000-03-30T00:00:00
Evaporation during 24 h at 10°C and 80% RH (VPD=245 Pa). Figures in brackets are sample standard deviations. Percentages show internal movement as a proportion of total.
162 data points