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Müller, Hendrik; von Dobeneck, Tilo; Nehmiz, Wiebke; Hamer, Kay (2011): Electromagnetic, rock magnetic, and geochemical properties of surficial sediments in Eckernförde Bay. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.761626, Supplement to: Müller, H et al. (2011): Near-surface electromagnetic, rock magnetic, and geochemical fingerprinting of submarine freshwater seepage at Eckernförde Bay (SW Baltic Sea). Geo-Marine Letters, 31(2), 123-140, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00367-010-0220-0

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Abstract:
Submarine groundwater discharge in coastal settings can massively modify the hydraulic and geochemical conditions of the seafloor. Resulting local anomalies in the morphology and physical properties of surface sediments are usually explored with seismo-acoustic imaging techniques. Controlled source electromagnetic imaging offers an innovative dual approach to seep characterization by its ability to detect pore-water electrical conductivity, hence salinity, as well as sediment magnetic susceptibility, hence preservation or diagenetic alteration of iron oxides. The newly developed electromagnetic (EM) profiler Neridis II successfully realized this concept for a first time with a high-resolution survey of freshwater seeps in Eckernförde Bay (SW Baltic Sea). We demonstrate that EM profiling, complemented and validated by acoustic as well as sample-based rock magnetic and geochemical methods, can create a crisp and revealing fingerprint image of freshwater seepage and related reductive alteration of near-surface sediments. Our findings imply that (1) freshwater penetrates the pore space of Holocene mud sediments by both diffuse and focused advection, (2) pockmarks are marked by focused freshwater seepage, underlying sand highs, reduced mud thickness, higher porosity, fining of grain size, and anoxic conditions, (3) depletion of Fe oxides, especially magnetite, is more pervasive within pockmarks due to higher concentrations of organic and sulfidic reaction partners, and (4) freshwater advection reduces sediment magnetic susceptibility by a combination of pore-water injection (dilution) and magnetite reduction (depletion). The conductivity vs. susceptibility biplot resolves subtle lateral litho- and hydrofacies variations.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 54.482938 * Median Longitude: 10.017490 * South-bound Latitude: 54.480518 * West-bound Longitude: 10.011703 * North-bound Latitude: 54.485000 * East-bound Longitude: 10.021000
Event(s):
Mittelgrund * Latitude Start: 54.485000 * Longitude Start: 10.012000 * Latitude End: 54.481000 * Longitude End: 10.021000 * Elevation Start: -23.1 m * Elevation End: -17.7 m * Location: Eckernfoerder Bay, Western Baltic Sea * Device: Multiple investigations (MULT)
Mittelgrund_K2 * Latitude: 54.483217 * Longitude: 10.017767 * Elevation: -20.0 m * Location: Eckernfoerder Bay, Western Baltic Sea * Device: Gravity corer (GC)
Mittelgrund_K3 * Latitude: 54.482817 * Longitude: 10.015650 * Elevation: -20.0 m * Location: Eckernfoerder Bay, Western Baltic Sea * Device: Gravity corer (GC)
Size:
8 datasets

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Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Müller, H; von Dobeneck, T; Nehmiz, W et al. (2011): (Fig 3) Acoustic, hydrographic, and electromagnetic maps of the southern bay slope survey area. Links to data files. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.761531
  2. Müller, H; von Dobeneck, T; Nehmiz, W et al. (2011): (Fig 3) Acoustic, hydrographic, and electromagnetic raw data of the southern bay slope survey area. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.761536
  3. Müller, H; von Dobeneck, T; Nehmiz, W et al. (2011): (Fig 4) E–W profile across pockmark #1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.761549
  4. Müller, H; von Dobeneck, T; Nehmiz, W et al. (2011): (Fig 5) Geochemistry and rock magnetic parameters of sediment cores K2, K3, K5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.761619
  5. Müller, H; von Dobeneck, T; Nehmiz, W et al. (2011): (Fig 6) Geochemistry and rock magnetic parameters of surface sediment from the Mittelgrund, Eckernförde Bay. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.761620
  6. Müller, H; von Dobeneck, T; Nehmiz, W et al. (2011): (Fig 7) Mud thickness and rock magnetic parameters of surface sediment around pockmark #1 from the Mittelgrund, Eckernförde Bay. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.761623
  7. Müller, H; von Dobeneck, T; Nehmiz, W et al. (2011): (Fig 7) Mud thickness and rock magnetic parameters of surface sediment around pockmark #2 from the Mittelgrund, Eckernförde Bay. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.761624
  8. Müller, H; von Dobeneck, T; Nehmiz, W et al. (2011): (Fig 9) Conductivity and susceptibility of surface sediment from the Mittelgrund, Eckernförde Bay. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.761625