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Heim, Dieter (1984): Tab. 1: Rates of advance of the frontal push-moraines of 19 lobes in front of an approx. 4.5 km long margin of the Kötlujökull. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Heim, D (1984): Stauchmoränengenese durch die Entwicklung eines "Gletscherfußes" am Kötlujökull, Südisland. Polarforschung, 54(1), 21-36, hdl:10013/epic.29546.d001

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In the last years masses of ice, about 5 km long, have been protruding from the lowest part of an advancing glacier margin of the Kötlujökull in Southern Iceland. In the summer of 1983, they appeared as sediment-covered lobes, 10-60 m long, bordering the glacier rnargin like agarland. 1 to 3 push-rnoraines without ice core, rnostly sickle-shaped, occured first in the frontal parts of the lobes: behind thern came several ice-cored moraines with heights of up to several metres. The active ice in front of the precipice of the glacier is called the "glacier-foot" in this paper. The digging out of 9 lobes and the measuring of the advance of 19 lobes showed that in most cases this glacierfoot had split up at its distal end into several plate- or stem-shaped pieces of ice which were situated one upon the other, separated by moraine deposits and proceeding irregularly into the foreland at the rate of several mm/h, The sometimes different rate of advance in the same lobe and different rates of advanee in adjoining lobes (some being entirely inactive) point to a type of rnovement which is independent of the general advance of the glacier. Research in the winter of 1983/84 showed less activity in 3 examined lobes, but the activity had not ceased. The advancement of the lower parts of the glacier-foot into and across the sands of the foreland implies the following genesis of pushmoraines: Shoving off a plate of sand, folding it and pushing it over the foreland at average rates of up to 7,2 mm/h, according to the investigations in thc summer of 1983. At a certain stage of the folding process, new folds begin to develop in front of the old, and the old folds are shifted onto the backslope of thc folds in front of them until they are completely unired. In this way, "püe-moraines" arise, which become higher and higher. They include two or more folds declining towards the glacier. Systems of small moraines presumably of the same genesis occur on old moraine areas in front of the Kötlujökull. The possible cause of formation of a glacier-foot is discussed, and the moraines of the Kötlujökull are compared with certain pleistocene push-moraines.
Latitude: 63.670000 * Longitude: -19.100000
Date/Time Start: 1983-07-02T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1983-08-06T00:00:00
Kötlujökull * Latitude: 63.670000 * Longitude: -19.100000 * Location: Myrdalsjökull, southern Iceland * Method/Device: Observation (OBSE)
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
2Date/time endDate/time endHeim, Dieter
3SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: I/A
4SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: II/A
5SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: II/B
6SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: III/A
7SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: III/A.
8SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: IV/B
9SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: V/A
10SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: V/A.
11SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: VI/B
12SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: VI/A
13SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: VII/A
14SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: IIX/A
15SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: IX/A
16SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: X/A
17SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: XI/A
18SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: XII/A
19SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: XII/A.
20SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: XIII/B
21SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: XIV/A
22SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: XV/A
23SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: XV/A.
24SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: XVI/B
25SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: XVII/A
26SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: XIIX/A
27SpeedSpmm/hHeim, DieterLobus: XIX/A
194 data points

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