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Compton, John S; Mallinson, David; Netratanawong, Toedsit; Locker, Stanley D (1992): Mineralogy of sediments from the Exmouth Plateau and Argo Basin. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Compton, JS et al. (1992): Regional correlation of mineralogy and diagenesis of sediment from the Exmouth Plateau and Argo Basin, northwestern Australian Continental Margin. In: Gradstein, FM; Ludden, JN; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 123, 779-790,

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Correlation of mineral associations from sediment recovered on the northwestern Australian continental margin document the juvenile-to-mature evolution of a segment of the Indian Ocean. Lower Cretaceous sediments contain sandy-to-silty radiolarian claystone that consists of highly smectitic mixed-layered illite/smectite (I/S) in addition to minor amounts of diagenetic pyrite, barite, and rhodochrosite. These immature, poorly sorted sediments were derived from nearby continental margin sources. Discrete bentonite layers and abundant smectite are the alteration products of volcanic material deposited during early basin formation. Abundant quartz-replaced radiolarian tests suggest high surface-water productivity, and calcareous fossils indicate water depths were above the calcite compensation depth (CCD) in the juvenile Indian Ocean. The increase in pelagic carbonate from the mid- to Late Cretaceous signals the transition to mature, open-ocean conditions. Similar to other slowly deposited contemporaneous deep-sea sediments, mid- to Upper Cretaceous sediments of the northwestern margin of Australia contain palygorskite. This palygorskite is associated with calcareous sediment across the ooze-to-chalk transition, detrital mixed-layered I/S, and zeolite minerals in places. This palygorskite occurs above the transformation from opal-A to opal-CT. The underlying opal-CT sediment contains abundant smectite and zeolite minerals. Calcareous sediment dominates the Cenozoic, except at abyssal sites that were not inundated by calcareous turbidites. Paleocene and Eocene sediments contain abundant smectite and zeolite minerals derived from the alteration of volcanic material. Palygorskite was found to be associated with sepiolite and dolomite in Miocene sediments from Site 765 in the Argo Basin. Pliocene and Quaternary sediments contain detrital kaolinite and mixed-layered I/S, abundant opal-A radiolarian tests, and minor amounts of pyrite
Median Latitude: -16.439600 * Median Longitude: 114.173400 * South-bound Latitude: -19.932000 * West-bound Longitude: 110.454100 * North-bound Latitude: -12.947200 * East-bound Longitude: 117.892700
Date/Time Start: 1972-11-17T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-10-26T00:00:00
123-766A * Latitude: -19.932000 * Longitude: 110.454100 * Date/Time Start: 1988-10-19T20:45:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-10-26T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4008.0 m * Penetration: 527.2 m * Recovery: 347.49 m * Location: South Indian Ridge, South Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg123 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 55 cores; 527.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 65.9 % recovery
27-261 * Latitude: -12.947200 * Longitude: 117.892700 * Date/Time: 1972-11-17T00:00:00 * Elevation: -5667.0 m * Penetration: 579.5 m * Recovery: 120.5 m * Location: Indian Ocean//PLAIN * Campaign: Leg27 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 36 cores; 323 m cored; 9.5 m drilled; 37.3 % recovery
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