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Fischer, Gerhard; Reuter, Christian; Karakas, Gökay; Nowald, Nicolas; Wefer, Gerold (2009): (Table 3) Interannual variability of total mass flux at the deep sediment trap site CBmeso between 1988 and 2006. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Fischer, G et al. (2009): Offshore advection of particles within the Cape Blanc filament, Mauritania: Results from observational and modelling studies. In: Freon, P; Barange, M; Aristegui, J (eds.) Eastern Boundary Upwelling systems: Integrative and Comparative Approaches. Special Edition, Progress in Oceanography, 83(1-4), 322-330,

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This article will review major features of the 'giant' Cape Blanc filament off Mauritania with regard to the transport of chlorophyll and organic carbon from the shelf to the open ocean. Within the filament, chlorophyll is transported about 400 km offshore. Modelled particle distributions along a zonal transect at 21°N showed that particles with a sinking velocity of 5 m d**-1 are advected offshore by up to 600 km in subsurface particle clouds generally located between 400 m and 800 m water depth, forming an Intermediate Nepheloid Layer (INL). It corresponds to the depth of the oxygen minimum zone. Heavier particles with a sinking velocity of 30 m d**-1 are transported from the shelf within the Bottom Layer (BL) of more than 1000 m thickness, largely following the topography of the bottom slope. The particles advected within the BL contribute to the enhanced winter-spring mass fluxes collected at the open-ocean mesotrophic sediment trap site CB-13 (200 nm offshore), due to a long distance advection in deeper waters. The lateral contribution to the deep sediment trap in winter-spring is estimated to be 63% and 72% for organic carbon and total mass, respectively, whereas the lateral input for both components on an annual basis is estimated to be in the order of 15%. Biogenic opal increases almost fivefold from the upper to the lower mesotrophic CB-13 trap, also pointing to an additional source for biogenic silica from eutrophic coastal waters. Blooms obviously sink in smaller, probably mesoscale-sized patches with variable settling rates, depending on the type of aggregated particles and their ballast content. Generally, particle sinking rates are exceptionally high off NW Africa. Very high chlorophyll values and a large size of the Cape Blanc filament in 1998-1999 are also documented in enhanced total mass and organic carbon fluxes. An increasing trend in satellite chlorophyll concentrations and the size of the Cape Blanc filament between 1997 and 2008 as observed for other coastal upwelling areas is not documented.
Median Latitude: 21.199799 * Median Longitude: -20.650757 * South-bound Latitude: 20.755000 * West-bound Longitude: -20.796660 * North-bound Latitude: 21.298330 * East-bound Longitude: -19.742000
Date/Time Start: 1988-03-22T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2006-01-01T00:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, water: 2195 m * Maximum DEPTH, water: 3633 m
CB10_trap (CB10) * Latitude: 21.283300 * Longitude: -20.733300 * Date/Time: 2000-01-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4125.0 m * Location: Cape Blanc * Method/Device: Mooring (MOOR)
CB12_trap (CB12) * Latitude: 21.266700 * Longitude: -20.783300 * Date/Time: 2001-04-05T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4145.0 m * Location: Cape Blanc * Method/Device: Mooring (MOOR)
CB15 (CB15) * Latitude Start: 21.298330 * Longitude Start: -20.796660 * Latitude End: 21.298330 * Longitude End: -20.796660 * Date/Time Start: 2004-04-17T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2005-07-21T00:00:00 * Elevation Start: -4162.0 m * Elevation End: -4162.0 m * Location: Cape Blanc * Campaign: M65/2 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Mooring (MOOR)
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Event labelEvent
2Latitude of eventLatitude
3Longitude of eventLongitude
4Elevation of eventElevationm
5Latitude 2Latitude 2Fischer, Gerhard
6Longitude 2Longitude 2Fischer, Gerhard
7Elevation 2Elev2m a.s.l.Fischer, Gerhard
8Sample code/labelSample labelFischer, Gerhard
9DEPTH, waterDepth watermGeocode
10Depth water equivalentDepth w.e.mFischer, GerhardTrap depth
12Date/time endDate/time endFischer, Gerhard
13Duration, number of daysDurationdaysFischer, Gerhard
14Mass flux, totalMass flux totg/m2Fischer, Gerhardsee reference(s)
15CommentCommentFischer, Gerhard
16Reference/sourceReferenceFischer, Gerhard
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