Martin, Jonathan B; Kastner, Miriam; Elderfield, Henry (1991): Lithium sources in pore fluids of Peru slope. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.759681, Supplement to: Martin, JB et al. (1991): Lithium: sources in pore fluids of Peru slope sediments and implications for oceanic fluxes. Marine Geology, 102(1-4), 281-292, https://doi.org/10.1016/0025-3227(91)90012-S
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High Li concentrations, up to a maximum of 1155 µM are observed in the pore fluids of the Peru convergent margin slope sediments. At Ocean Drilling Program Sites 683 and 685 (ca. 9°S), the Li concentration depth gradients are twice as steep as at Site 682 and 688 (ca. 11°S). Within the sediments, the most important Li sources are from aluminosilicate minerals. Biogenic opal-A contains little Li and thus dilutes the Li concentration of the bulk sediments. The sediment compositions and the thermal regimes are similar at 9° and 11°S, suggesting there is an additional, non-sedimentary source for the observed high Li concentrations in the northern pore fluids. At 9°S, the 87Sr/86Sr ratios reach a maximum value of 0.709958. The observed radiogenic 87Sr/86Sr values in the pore fluids support the suggestion that the additional Li may derive from exchange reactions with underlying continental crust. The high concentrations of Li at 11°S may derive from basalt alteration at moderate to high temperatures, as suggested by the non-radiogenic 87Sr/86Sr ratios in these pore fluids, which reach a minimum value of 0.707218.
Based on (1) Li concentrations in the pore fluids in slope sediments from Peru and several other margins, and (2) an approximate estimate of fluid flux from continental margins into the ocean, continental margins provide an estimated 1 to 3 * 10**10 moles Li/yr to the ocean. This source of oceanic Li, which has not been considered previously, is of the same order of magnitude as some estimates of hydrothermal and river Li fluxes and may have important consequences for the oceanic Li isotope budget. The sink is unknown for this newly discovered and possibly large Li source, but it may be more pervasive low-temperature alteration of oceanic basement than previously estimated, or burial of mineral phases, such as authigenic clay minerals, or metal oxyhydroxides which may be Li-rich.
Median Latitude: -10.314673 * Median Longitude: -79.748695 * South-bound Latitude: -11.538000 * West-bound Longitude: -80.583500 * North-bound Latitude: -9.026500 * East-bound Longitude: -78.942830
Date/Time Start: 1986-11-09T01:15:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-12-18T09:00:00
112-682A * Latitude: -11.266500 * Longitude: -79.062170 * Date/Time Start: 1986-11-09T01:15:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-11-14T13:30:00 * Elevation: -3801.0 m * Penetration: 436.7 m * Recovery: 127.04 m * Location: South Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg112 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 48 cores; 436.7 m cored; 0 m drilled; 29.1 % recovery
112-683A * Latitude: -9.028170 * Longitude: -80.406670 * Date/Time Start: 1986-11-15T07:22:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-11-18T16:30:00 * Elevation: -3087.0 m * Penetration: 419.2 m * Recovery: 217.67 m * Location: South Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg112 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 45 cores; 419.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 51.9 % recovery
112-683B * Latitude: -9.026500 * Longitude: -80.404330 * Date/Time Start: 1986-11-18T16:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-11-20T18:00:00 * Elevation: -3077.0 m * Penetration: 488 m * Recovery: 30.67 m * Location: South Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg112 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 9 cores; 85.5 m cored; 0 m drilled; 35.9 % recovery