Basov, Ivan A; Krasheninnikov, Valery A (1983): Benthic foraminifers in Mesozoic and Cenozoic sediments of the southwestern Atlantic. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.758345, Supplement to: Basov, IA; Krasheninnikov, VA (1983): Benthic foraminifers in Mesozoic and Cenozoic sediments of the southwestern Atlantic as an indicator of paleoenvironment, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 71. In: Ludwig, WF; Krasheninnikov, VA; et al. (eds.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Washington (U.S. Government Print Office), 394, 739-787, https://doi.org/10.2973/dsdp.proc.71.128.1983
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Benthic foraminiferal assemblages in Mesozoic and Cenozoic sediments were studied at Sites 511, 512, 513, and 514 drilled during Leg 71 in the southwestern Atlantic on the Maurice Ewing Bank and in the Argentine Basin. Benthic foraminifers in almost all stratigraphic subdivisions of Sites 511 and 512 reflect the gradual subsidence of the Falkland Plateau from shelf depths in the Barremian-Albian, when a semiclosed basin with restricted circulation of water masses and anaerobic conditions existed, to lower bathyal depths in the Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic, with an abrupt acceleration at the boundary of Lower and Upper Cretaceous.
The composition, distribution, and preservation of Late Cretaceous assemblages of benthic foraminifers suggest considerable fluctuations of the foraminiferal lysocline and the CCD. This is evidenced by dissolution facies and foraminiferal assemblages in which agglutinated and resistant calcareous forms predominated during high stands of the CCD and by calcareous facies in which rich assemblages of calcareous species predominated during low stands. The highest position of the CCD on the Plateau (less than 1500-2000 m) was in the late Cenomanian, Turonian, and Coniacian. In the Santonian and Campanian the CCD was at depths below 1500-2000 meters. At the end of the Campanian the CCD shifted again to depths comparable with those of Cenomanian and Turonian time. In the latest Campanian and the Maestrichtian the CCD was low and nanno-foraminiferal oozes with a rich assemblage of benthic foraminifers accumulated. Foraminiferal assemblages at Sites 513 and 514 in the Argentine Basin also testify to oceanic subsidence from lower bathyal depths in the Oligocene to abyssal ones at present. This process was complicated by the influence of geographical migrations of the Polar Front caused by extensions of the ice sheet in the Antarctic after the opening of the Drake Passage during the Oligocene.
In Mesozoic and Cenozoic deposits of the Falkland Plateau and the Argentine Basin seven assemblages of benthic foraminifers were distinguished by age: early-middle Albian, middle-late Albian, Late Cretaceous (including four groups), middle Eocene, late Eocene-early Miocene, middle-late Miocene, and Pliocene-Quaternary. The Albian assemblages contain many species common to the foraminiferal fauna of the Austral Biogeographical Province. The Late Cretaceous assemblage contains, along with Austral species, species common to foraminifers of North America, Western Europe, the Russian platform, and the south of the U.S.S.R. Deep-sea cosmopolitan species prevail in Cenozoic assemblages.
Median Latitude: -49.418868 * Median Longitude: -38.875883 * South-bound Latitude: -51.004700 * West-bound Longitude: -46.971700 * North-bound Latitude: -46.046200 * East-bound Longitude: -24.640000
Date/Time Start: 1980-01-15T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1980-02-08T00:00:00
71-511 * Latitude: -51.004700 * Longitude: -46.971700 * Date/Time: 1980-01-15T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2589.0 m * Penetration: 632 m * Recovery: 384.4 m * Location: South Atlantic/PLATEAU * Campaign: Leg71 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 68 cores; 616.5 m cored; 14.5 m drilled; 62.4 % recovery
71-512 * Latitude: -49.869800 * Longitude: -40.845200 * Date/Time: 1980-01-22T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1846.0 m * Penetration: 77.9 m * Recovery: 67 m * Location: South Atlantic/BANK * Campaign: Leg71 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 19 cores; 77.3 m cored; 0 m drilled; 86.6 % recovery
71-512A * Latitude: -49.869500 * Longitude: -40.845200 * Date/Time: 1980-01-22T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1844.0 m * Penetration: 89.3 m * Recovery: 7.8 m * Location: South Atlantic/BANK * Campaign: Leg71 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 1 cores; 7.8 m cored; 9.5 m drilled; 99.6 % recovery