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Krasheninnikov, Valery A; Basov, Ivan A (1983): Cretaceous planktonic foraminifera of DSDP Hole 71-511. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Krasheninnikov, VA; Basov, IA (1983): Stratigraphy of Cretaceous sediments of the Falkland Plateau based on planktonic foraminifers, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 71. In: Ludwig, WF; Krasheninnikov, VA; et al. (eds.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Washington (U.S. Government Print Office), 71, 789-820,

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Lower and Upper Cretaceous sediments of the Maurice Ewing Bank, Site 511 (black shales, mudstones, zeolitic clays, and nannofossil chalk and ooze, 361 m thick) are characterized by an assemblage of planktonic foraminifers of low systematic diversity, including over 50 species. Representatives of Hedbergella, Globigerinelloides, Archaeoglobigerina, Whiteinella, Rugoglobigerina, and Heterohelix are predominant; species of Ticinella, Praeglobotruncana, Globotruncana, Schackoina, and Planoglobulina associated with some interbeds occur in smaller numbers. Planktonic foraminifers enable us to subdivide the Cretaceous sediments into Barremian-Aptian, Albian, upper Cenomanian, Turonian, Coniacian-Santonian, Santonian, Campanian, and upper Campanian-Maestrichtian intervals. The Lower Cretaceous (Albian) and Upper Cretaceous (upper Cenomanian-Turonian) are separated by a distinct hiatus and unconformity. In the Upper Cretaceous section, a hiatus may be present at the top of the Campanian. The upper Cenomanian-Santonian sediments are reduced in thickness, whereas the Campanian-Maestrichtian interval is expanded. In the Barremian-Aptian black shales, planktonic foraminifers are very rare: they were deposited in shallow water under anoxic conditions. In the Albian, when sedimentation conditions became oxidizing and the depth increased to 200-400 meters, they became more common. By the end of the Upper Cretaceous, depths appear to increase to 2000 meters. In the interbeds of calcareous sediments, planktonic foraminifers are common; in interbeds of zeolitic clays they are rare or absent (dissolution facies). Alternation of these types of sediments is especially characteristic of the Coniacian-lower Campanian, testifying to abrupt CCD fluctuations. The planktonic foraminifers of the Falkland Plateau belong to the Austral Province of the Southern Hemisphere. In their systematic composition they are extremely similar to microfauna of the Boreal Province of the Northern Hemisphere.
Latitude: -51.004700 * Longitude: -46.971700
Date/Time Start: 1980-01-15T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1980-01-15T00:00:00
71-511 * Latitude: -51.004700 * Longitude: -46.971700 * Date/Time: 1980-01-15T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2589.0 m * Penetration: 632 m * Recovery: 384.4 m * Location: South Atlantic/PLATEAU * Campaign: Leg71 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 68 cores; 616.5 m cored; 14.5 m drilled; 62.4 % recovery
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