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Jöns, Niels; Bach, Wolfgang; Klein, Frieder (2010): Whole-rock geochemical analyses of serpentinized harzburgites from ODP Site 209-1270 [dataset publication series]. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Jöns, N et al. (2010): Magmatic influence on reaction paths and element transport during serpentinization. Chemical Geology, 274(3-4), 196-211,

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Small-scale shear zones are present in drillcore samples of abyssal peridotites from the Mid-Atlantic ridge at 15°20'N (Ocean Drilling Program Leg 209). The shear zones act as pathways for both evolved melts and hydrothermal fluids. We examined serpentinites directly adjacent to such zones to evaluate chemical changes resulting from melt-rock and fluid-rock interaction and their influence on the mineralogy. Compared to fresh harzburgite and melt-unaffected serpentinites, serpentinites adjacent to melt-bearing veins show a marked enrichment in rare earth elements (REE), strontium and high field strength elements (HFSE) zirconium and niobium. From comparison with published chemical data of variably serpentinized and melt-unaffected harzburgites, one possible interpretation is that interaction with the adjacent melt veins caused the enrichment in HFSE, whereas the REE contents might also be enriched due to hydrothermal processes. Enrichment in alumina during serpentinization is corroborated by reaction path models for interaction of seawater with harzburgite-plagiogranite mixtures. These models explain both increased amounts of alumina in the serpentinizing fluid for increasing amounts of plagiogranitic material mixed with harzburgite, and the absence of brucite from the secondary mineralogy due to elevated silica activity. By destabilizing brucite, nearby melt veins might fundamentally influence the low-temperature alteration behaviour of serpentinites. Although observations and model results are in general agreement, due to absence of any unaltered protolith a quantification of element transport during serpentinization is not straightforward.
Latitude: 14.721500 * Longitude: -44.886333
Date/Time Start: 2003-05-28T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2003-06-02T00:00:00
209-1270 * Latitude: 14.721500 * Longitude: -44.886333 * Date/Time Start: 2003-05-28T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2003-06-02T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1874.9 m * Penetration: 148.7 m * Recovery: 30.1 m * Location: South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg209 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 28 cores; 148.7 m cored; 0 m drilled; 20.2 % recovery
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