Kusch, Stephanie; Kashiyama, Y; Ogawa, Nanako O; Altabet, Mark A; Butzin, Martin; Friedrich, Jana; Ohkouchi, Naohiko; Mollenhauer, Gesine (2011): Radiocarbon, stable isotopic compositions and seawater chemical properties of Black Sea core-top sediments and CTD stations. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.758107
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Chloropigments and their derivative pheopigments preserved in sediments can directly be linked to photosynthesis. Their carbon and nitrogen stable isotopic compositions have been shown to be a good recorder of recent and past surface ocean environmental conditions tracing the carbon and nitrogen sources and dominant assimilation processes of the phytoplanktonic community. In this study we report results from combined compound-specific radiocarbon and stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis to examine the time-scales of synthesis and fate of chlorophyll-a and its degradation products pheophytin-a, pyropheophytin-a, and 132,173-cyclopheophorbide-a-enol until burial in Black Sea core-top sediments. The pigments are mainly of marine phytoplanktonic origin as implied by their stable isotopic compositions. Pigment ?15N values indicate nitrate as the major uptake substrate but 15N-depletion towards the open marine setting indicates either contribution from N2-fixation or direct uptake of ammonium from deeper waters. Radiocarbon concentrations translate into minimum and maximum pigment ages of approximately 40 to 1200 years. This implies that protective mechanisms against decomposition such as association with minerals, storage in deltaic anoxic environments, or eutrophication-induced hypoxia and light limitation are much more efficient than previously thought. Moreover, seasonal variations of nutrient source, growth period, and habitat and their associated isotopic variability are likely at least as strong as long-term trends. Combined triple isotope analysis of sedimentary chlorophyll and its primary derivatives is a powerful tool to delineate biogeochemical and diagenetic processes in the surface water and sediments, and to assess their precise time-scales.
Kusch, Stephanie (2010): Tracing time in the ocean: Unraveling depositional and preservational timescales using compound-specific radiocarbon analysis of biomarkers from marine sediments. PhD Thesis, Elektronische Dissertationen an der Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Bremen, Germany, urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-diss000119049
Kusch, Stephanie; Kashiyama, Y; Ogawa, Nanako O; Altabet, Mark A; Butzin, Martin; Friedrich, Jana; Ohkouchi, Naohiko; Mollenhauer, Gesine (2010): Implications for chloro- and pheopigment synthesis and preservation from combined compound-specific d13C, d15N, and d14C analysis. Biogeosciences, 7(12), 4105-4118, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-7-4105-2010
Median Latitude: 44.424348 * Median Longitude: 30.465094 * South-bound Latitude: 43.981330 * West-bound Longitude: 29.190500 * North-bound Latitude: 45.078170 * East-bound Longitude: 31.513833
Date/Time Start: 2008-03-11T16:16:00 * Date/Time End: 2008-03-21T10:05:00
POS363_120-2 (120_DD7) * Latitude: 44.511170 * Longitude: 30.681170 * Date/Time: 2008-03-11T16:16:00 * Elevation: -92.0 m * Location: Black Sea * Campaign: POS363 * Basis: Poseidon * Device: CTD/Rosette (CTD-RO)
POS363_120-5 (P120) * Latitude: 44.511000 * Longitude: 30.682170 * Date/Time: 2008-03-11T17:37:00 * Elevation: -91.0 m * Location: Black Sea * Campaign: POS363 * Basis: Poseidon * Device: MultiCorer (MUC)