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Comet, P A; McEvoy, James; Giger, W; Douglas, A G (1986): Hydrous and anhydrous pyrolysis of DSDP Leg 75 kerogens. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Comet, PA et al. (1986): Hydrous and anhydrous pyrolysis of DSDP Leg 75 kerogens - A comparative study using a biological marker approach. Organic Geochemistry, 9(4), 171-182,

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The aliphatic hydrocarbon distributions obtained from the natural bitumens of three Leg 75 sediments were compared using computerised gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (C-GC-MS). The kerogens isolated from these sediments were heated in sealed tubes at 330°C using the techniques of hydrous (i.e. heating kerogen in the presence of water) and anhydrous pyrolysis (i.e. heating dry kerogen alone). These experiments were then repeated at a lower temperature (280°C). At 330°C, under anhydrous conditions, considerable destruction of biomarkers in the ancient kerogens (i.e. pre-Tertiary) occurred, whereas with water present significant amounts of hopanes were obtained. However, with more recent kerogens (which contain larger amounts of chemically bound water), both anhydrous and hydrous pyrolysis gave a similar suite of biological markers, in which long chain acyclic isoprenoids (C40) are significant components. Lowering the temperature of pyrolysis to 280°C yielded biological markers under both hydrous and anhydrous conditions for all kerogens. n-Alkenes were not detected in any of the pyrolysates; however, a single unknown triterpene was discovered in several of the hydrous and anhydrous pyrolysates. The results tentatively indicate that the chief value to petroleum research of kerogen hydrous pyrolysis lies in its ability to increase the yield of pyrolysate. High temperature hydrous pyrolysis (280-330°C), under high pressure (2000 psi), does not appear to mimic natural conditions of oil generation. However, this study does not take into account whole rock pyrolysis.
Median Latitude: -19.465600 * Median Longitude: 9.952300 * South-bound Latitude: -19.743500 * West-bound Longitude: 9.385800 * North-bound Latitude: -19.187700 * East-bound Longitude: 10.518800
Date/Time Start: 1980-07-29T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1980-08-20T00:00:00
75-530A * Latitude: -19.187700 * Longitude: 9.385800 * Date/Time: 1980-07-29T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4629.0 m * Penetration: 1121 m * Recovery: 617.5 m * Location: South Atlantic/RIDGE * Campaign: Leg75 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 107 cores; 986.5 m cored; 9.5 m drilled; 62.6 % recovery
75-532 * Latitude: -19.743500 * Longitude: 10.518800 * Date/Time: 1980-08-20T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1331.0 m * Penetration: 250.8 m * Recovery: 232 m * Location: South Atlantic * Campaign: Leg75 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 59 cores; 242.8 m cored; 8 m drilled; 95.6 % recovery
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