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Morche, Wolfgang; Hubberten, Hans-Wolfgang; Mackensen, Andreas; Keller, Jörg (1992): Geochemistry of Cenozoic ash layers from the Kerguelen Plateau. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.757631, Supplement to: Morche, W et al. (1992): Geochemistry of Cenozoic ash layers from the Kerguelen Plateau (Leg 120): a first step toward a tephrostratigraphy of the Southern Indian Ocean. In: Wise, SW; Schlich, R; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 120, 151-160, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.120.163.1992

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Abstract:
Geochemical investigations were conducted on 10 discrete ash layers and 22 samples of dispersed ash accumulations from Sites 747, 749, and 751 of Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 120 to the Kerguelen Plateau in the southern Indian Ocean. The chemical data obtained from some 400 single-grain glass analyses allow the characterization of two rock series. The first consists of transitional to alkali basalts; the second, mainly of trachytes with subordinated rhyolites, all reflecting the characteristic magmatological evolution of the Kerguelen Plateau as a hotspot-related volcanism. Chemical correlation with possible source areas indicates that the ashes were most probably erupted from the Kerguelen Islands. The investigated ash layers clearly reflect the Oligocene to Quaternary changes in the composition of the volcanic material recorded from the Kerguelen Islands. In addition to the Kerguelen Islands, Heard Island, Crozet Island, and other sources may have contributed to deposition of the tephras. Pleistocene tephras of "exotic" calc-alkaline composition are most probably derived from enhanced magmatic activity during that time span at the South Sandwich island arc.
When using data obtained from tephras of the ODP Leg 119 Kerguelen sites, several eruptive periods can be correlated through the composition of the deposited ashes. Some of them are widely distributed over the Kerguelen Plateau and are seen as a first step toward a southern Indian Ocean tephrostratigraphy.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -56.054225 * Median Longitude: 77.084638 * South-bound Latitude: -58.717000 * West-bound Longitude: 76.407500 * North-bound Latitude: -54.811000 * East-bound Longitude: 79.814800
Date/Time Start: 1988-03-06T22:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-04-19T23:30:00
Event(s):
120-747A * Latitude: -54.811000 * Longitude: 76.794000 * Date/Time Start: 1988-03-06T22:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-03-08T17:15:00 * Elevation: -1706.0 m * Penetration: 256 m * Recovery: 227.34 m * Location: South Indian Ridge, South Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg120 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 27 cores; 256 m cored; 0 m drilled; 88.8 % recovery
120-747B * Latitude: -54.811000 * Longitude: 76.794000 * Date/Time Start: 1988-03-08T17:15:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-03-09T06:45:00 * Elevation: -1708.0 m * Penetration: 50.3 m * Recovery: 48.91 m * Location: South Indian Ridge, South Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg120 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 6 cores; 50.3 m cored; 0 m drilled; 97.2 % recovery
120-749B * Latitude: -58.717000 * Longitude: 76.407500 * Date/Time Start: 1988-03-24T16:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-03-25T09:45:00 * Elevation: -1080.0 m * Penetration: 123.8 m * Recovery: 64.66 m * Location: South Indian Ridge, South Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg120 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 14 cores; 123.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 52.2 % recovery
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