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Kempton, Pamela D; Hawkesworth, Chris J; Fowler, M (1991): Geochemistry and isotopic composition of gabbros from ODP Hole 118-375B. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Kempton, PD et al. (1991): Geochemistry and isotopic composition of gabbros from layer 3 of the Indian Ocean Crust, Leg 118, Hole 735B. In: Von Herzen, RP; Robinson, PT; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 118, 127-143,

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Gabbros drilled from the shallow (720 m) east wall of the Atlantis II transform on the Southwest Indian Ridge (SWIR; 32°43.40', 57°16.00') provide the most complete record of the stratigraphy and composition of the oceanic lower crust recovered from the ocean basins to date. Lithologies recovered include gabbro, olivine gabbro, troctolite, trondhjemite, and unusual iron-titanium (FeTi) oxide-rich gabbro containing up to 30% FeTi oxides. The plutonic rock sequence represents a tholeiitic fractionation trend ranging from primitive magmas having Mg numbers of 67 to 69 that fractionated troctolites, to highly evolved liquids that crystallized two-pyroxene, FeTi oxide-rich gabbros and, ultimately, trondhjemite.
Isotopic compositions of unaltered Leg 118 gabbros are distinct from Indian Ocean mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORB) in having higher 143Nd/144Nd (0.51301-0.51319) and lower 206Pb/204Pb values (17.35-17.67); 87Sr/86Sr values (0.7025-0.7030) overlap those of SWIR basalts, but are generally lower than MORBs from the Southeast Indian Ridge or the Rodrigues Triple Junction. More than one magma composition may have been introduced into the magma chamber during its crystallization history, as suggested by the higher 87Sr/86Sr, 206Pb/204Pb, and lower 143Nd/144Nd values of chromium-rich olivine gabbros from the bottom of Hole 735B.
Whole-rock gabbro and plagioclase mineral separate 87Sr/86Sr values are uniformly low (0.7027-0.7030), irrespective of alteration and deformation. By contrast, 87Sr/86Sr values for clinopyroxene (0.7025-0.7039) in the upper half of Hole 735B are higher than coexisting plagioclase and reflect extensive replacement of clinopyroxene by amphibole. Hydrothermal veins and breccias have elevated 87Sr/86Sr values (0.7029-0.7035) and indicate enhanced local introduction of seawater strontium. Oxygen- and hydrogen-isotope results show that secondary amphiboles have uniform dD values of -49 to -54 per mil and felsic hydrothermal veins range from -46 to - 77 per mil. Oxygen-isotope data for secondary amphibole and visibly altered gabbros range to low values (+1.0-+5.5 per mil), and O-isotope disequilibrium between coexisting pyroxene and plagioclase pairs from throughout the stratigraphic column indicates that seawater interacted with much of the gabbro section, but at relatively low water/rock ratios. This is consistent with the persistence of low 87Sr/86Sr values, even in gabbros that were extensively deformed and altered.
Latitude: -32.724000 * Longitude: 57.266200
Date/Time Start: 1987-12-06T04:45:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-12-11T01:00:00
118-735B * Latitude: -32.724000 * Longitude: 57.266200 * Date/Time Start: 1987-12-06T04:45:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-12-11T01:00:00 * Elevation: -731.0 m * Penetration: 500.7 m * Recovery: 434.81 m * Location: South Indian Ridge, South Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg118 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 88 cores; 500.7 m cored; 0 m drilled; 86.8 % recovery
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