Murray, David W; Prell, Warren L (1991): Pliocene to Pleistocene calcium carbonate and organic carbon record of ODP Hole 117-722B. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.756821, Supplement to: Murray, DW; Prell, WL (1991): Pliocene to Pleistocene variations in calcium carbonate organic carbon, and opal on the Owen Ridge, northern Arabian Sea. In: Prell, W.J., Niitsuma, N., et al., (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, College Station, Texas, 117, 343-363, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.117.141.1991
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Site 722 provides high resolution records of percent CaCO3, magnetic susceptibility, d18O, organic carbon, and coarse fraction for the past 3.4 m.y. from the crest of the Owen Ridge, northwestern Arabian Sea. Within this time interval, most of the carbonate percent variations can be attributed to terrigenous dilution and do not reflect changes in the carbonate system. From the late Pliocene to Present, the average rate of calcium carbonate accumulation increases from 1 to 3 g/cm**2/k.y. and the average accumulation of organic carbon decreases from 75 to 30 mg/cm**2/k.y. The carbonate component is more dissolved in the older interval. The long-term variations in carbonate accumulation may reflect a greater input of organic matter in the late Pliocene, which decomposes to produce CO2 and dissolve carbonate. Magnetic susceptibility and % noncarbonate (100 - CaCO3%) reflect changes in the amount of the lithogenic component in the sediments. The period of variation of lithogenic material is the same period as the original forcing of the regional summer monsoon, however, the timing matches global aridity patterns and global ice volume (sea level) changes. This preliminary analysis suggests that the high frequency variation of lithogenic material persists for at least the last 3.4 m.y.
Within the last million years, calcium carbonate accumulation has a large amplitude signal that covaries with major changes in ice volume. Both calcium carbonate and noncarbonate (mostly terrigenous) accumulation are greatest during glacial stages. Interglacial intervals are characterized by low mass accumulation rates, increased foraminifer fragmentation, and increased opal concentration. The accumulation of organic carbon matches the high frequency changes in sedimentation rates. We attribute this high correlation to enhanced preservation of organic carbon by increased sedimentation rate. Of the three major biological components studied, only opal exhibits the variations expected for a biological productivity system forced by monsoonal upwelling driven by changes in northern hemisphere summer radiation.
Median Latitude: 16.628800 * Median Longitude: 59.803950 * South-bound Latitude: 16.621800 * West-bound Longitude: 59.795300 * North-bound Latitude: 16.677800 * East-bound Longitude: 59.864500
Date/Time Start: 1987-09-03T23:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-09-13T10:15:00
117-721B * Latitude: 16.677800 * Longitude: 59.864500 * Date/Time Start: 1987-09-03T23:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-09-06T01:45:00 * Elevation: -1948.0 m * Penetration: 424.2 m * Recovery: 342.78 m * Location: Arabian Sea * Campaign: Leg117 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 44 cores; 424.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 80.8 % recovery
117-722 * Latitude: 16.621800 * Longitude: 59.795300 * Date/Time Start: 1987-09-07T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-09-13T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2033.5 m * Penetration: 845.6 m * Recovery: 611.8 m * Location: Arabian Sea * Campaign: Leg117 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 88 cores; 845.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 72.4% recovery
117-722B * Latitude: 16.621800 * Longitude: 59.795300 * Date/Time Start: 1987-09-08T12:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-09-13T10:15:00 * Elevation: -2033.0 m * Penetration: 565.6 m * Recovery: 385.8 m * Location: Arabian Sea * Campaign: Leg117 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 59 cores; 565.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 68.3 % recovery