Niitsuma, Nobuaki (1991): Layer-by-layer correlation of ODP Leg 117 sites. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.756759, Supplement to: Niitsuma, N (1991): Layer-by-layer correlation of drilled sediments from Owen Ridge, Oman margin, and Indus Fan. In: Prell, WL; Niitsuma, N; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 117, 147-160, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.117.139.1991
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One hundred thirty-one marker horizons relating to the distinct and traceable layers were described for the Owen Ridge and Oman Margin sites. The correlations incorporated the calculations of true depth, corrected for coring disturbance and gas expansion. Intersite correlation of marker horizons has been improved based on color density data, measured with video densitometer, and oxygen isotope stratigraphic data.
Distinct hiatuses were detected by the intersite correlation of the marker horizons in the Owen Ridge. The hiatuses are related to submarine slides induced by increasing gravitational instability for the accumulation of the pelagic sediments on the top of the Owen Ridge.
The large amount of sediment supply with variable lithofacies during the glacial stages is represented by layer-bylayer correlation in the Oman Margin.
The color density patterns with glacial-interglacial cycles are controlled by the balance of organic carbon content, increasing in the interglacial stages with strong upwelling induced by the southwest monsoon, and flux of terrigenous matter, increasing in the glacial stages. The present distinct climatic cycle relating to the southwest monsoon has been developed since Stage 8, 250 ka.
The large amount of sediment supply in the glacial stages can be assumed as fluvial in origin from the humid Arabian Peninsula, relating to the weakened Tropical Easterly Jet, which is induced by the counter-current of the southwest monsoon and maintains the present arid climate in the north Africa and Arabian Peninsula.
Median Latitude: 17.308654 * Median Longitude: 58.752799 * South-bound Latitude: 16.470500 * West-bound Longitude: 57.588600 * North-bound Latitude: 18.463000 * East-bound Longitude: 59.864500
Date/Time Start: 1987-09-03T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-10-04T00:45:00
117-721 * Latitude: 16.677800 * Longitude: 59.864500 * Date/Time Start: 1987-09-03T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-09-06T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1949.7 m * Penetration: 648.6 m * Recovery: 565.8 m * Location: Arabian Sea * Campaign: Leg117 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 68 cores; 648.6 m cored; 0 m drilled; 87.2% recovery
117-721A * Latitude: 16.677800 * Longitude: 59.864500 * Date/Time Start: 1987-09-03T12:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-09-03T23:30:00 * Elevation: -1952.0 m * Penetration: 86.4 m * Recovery: 89.28 m * Location: Arabian Sea * Campaign: Leg117 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 9 cores; 86.4 m cored; 0 m drilled; 103.3 % recovery
117-721B * Latitude: 16.677800 * Longitude: 59.864500 * Date/Time Start: 1987-09-03T23:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-09-06T01:45:00 * Elevation: -1948.0 m * Penetration: 424.2 m * Recovery: 342.78 m * Location: Arabian Sea * Campaign: Leg117 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 44 cores; 424.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 80.8 % recovery