Hoecker, Gerhard; Amstutz, G Christian (1987): Geochemistry of rocks from Palmer Archipel. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.755230,
Supplement to: Hoecker, G; Amstutz, GC (1987): Petrographie der mesozoischen Magmatite im Gebiet des Palmer Archipels (Antarktische Halbinsel) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von geochemisch-lagerstättenkundlichen Gesichtspunkten. Polarforschung, 57(1/2), 43-57, hdl:10013/epic.29582.d001
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During the antarctic summer season in 1984 and 1986 field studies and laboratory investigations of the Mesozoic Intrusive Suite of the Palmer Archipel were carried out in cooperation with the Chilean Antarctic Institute and the University of Concepcion, Volcanic formations and intrusive series are the dominant exposed rocks together with very subordinate metasediments. Different petrological and isotopic data allow to divide the Antarctic Intrusive Suite into two intrusive types: a) Palmer Batholith (Lower Cenozoic) b) Costa Danco intrusive rocks (Upper Cretaceous). Both types belong to a calc-alkaline series. The granitoid rocks show an I-type-affinity. Ore minerals (pyrite, chalcopyrite, bornite, covellite, cuprite, pyrrhotite, magnetite and ilmenite) are mainly restricted to the intermediate rock types (e. g. granodiorites}. Propylitisation and kaolinisation are the observed alteration types, which suggest, together with the disseminated and vein-like ore fabrics the comparison with the andean Porphyry-Copper- and vein-type-deposits. The volcanic formations are subdivided into a) the Upper Cretaceous Wiencke Formation, which is composed of andesites and andesitic breccias, and b) into the Jurassic Lautaro Formation with basaltic, andesitic, dacitic and some rhyolitic rocks together with volcanic breccias. These calc-alkaline volcanic rocks apparently are part of an island are. A strong alteration of primary minerals is very common; however, the low ore mineral content does not change significantly within the different alteration types.
Latitude: -64.800000 * Longitude: -63.400000