Simstich, Johannes; Stanovoy, Vladimir V; Bauch, Dorothea; Erlenkeuser, Helmut; Spielhagen, Robert F (2010): Stable isotope ratios from foraminfera in Kara Sea sediments. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.754600, Supplement to: Simstich, J et al. (2004): Holocene variability of bottom water hydrography on the Kara Sea shelf (Siberia) depicted in multiple single-valve analyses of stable isotopes in ostracods. Marine Geology, 206(1-4), 147-164, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2004.01.008
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Ostracods secrete their valve calcite within a few hours or days, therefore, its isotopic composition records ambient environmental conditions of only a short time span. Hydrographic changes between the calcification of individuals lead to a corresponding range (max.-min.) in the isotope values when measuring several (>=5) single valves from a specific sediment sample. Analyses of living (stained) ostracods from the Kara Sea sediment surface revealed high ranges of >2per mil of d18O and d13C at low absolute levels (d18O: <3per mil, d13C: <-3per mil) near the river estuaries of Ob and Yenisei and low ranges of not, vert, similar1per mil at higher absolute levels (d18O: 2-5.4per mil, d13C: -3 per mil to -1.5per mil) on the shelf and in submarine paleo-river channels. Comparison with a hydrographic data base and isotope measurements of bottom water samples shows that the average and the span of the ostracod-based isotope ranges closely mirror the long-term means and variabilities (standard deviation) of bottom water temperature and salinity. The bottom hydrography in the southern part of the Kara Sea shows strong response to the river discharge and its extreme seasonal and interannual variability. Less variable hydrographic conditions are indicative for deeper shelf areas to the north, but also for areas near the river estuaries along submarine paleo-river channels, which act as corridors for southward flowing cold and saline bottom water.
Isotope analyses on up to five single ostracod valves per sample in the lower section (8-7 cal. ka BP) of a sediment core north of Yenisei estuary revealed d18O and d13C values which on average are lower by 0.6 per mil in both, d18O and d13C, than in the upper core section (<5 cal. ka BP). The isotope shifts illustrate the decreasing influence of isotopically light river water at the bottom as a result of the southward retreat of the Yenisei river mouth from the coring site due to global sea level rise. However, the ranges (max.-min.) in the single-valve d18O and d13C data of the individual core samples are similar in the upper and in the lower core section, although a higher hydrographic variability is expected prior to 7 cal. ka BP due to river proximity. This lack of variability indicates the southward flow of cold, saline water along a submarine paleo-river channel, formerly existing at the core location. Despite shallowing of the site due to sediment filling of the channel and isostatic uplift of the area, the hydrographic variability at the core location remained low during the Late Holocene, because the shallowing proceeded synchronously with the retreat of the river mouth due to the global sea level rise
Latitude: 74.657600 * Longitude: 81.141100
Date/Time Start: 2000-09-07T06:22:00 * Date/Time End: 2000-09-07T06:22:00
BP00-07/05 * Latitude: 74.657600 * Longitude: 81.141100 * Date/Time: 2000-09-07T06:22:00 * Elevation: -38.0 m * Recovery: 6.32 m * Location: Kara Sea * Campaign: BP00 * Basis: Akademik Boris Petrov * Method/Device: Gravity corer (GC) * Comment: gravity corer 8 m
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Simstich, J; Stanovoy, VV; Bauch, D et al. (2003): Age determination on sediment core BP00-07/05. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.124314
- Simstich, J; Stanovoy, VV; Bauch, D et al. (2003): Stable isotopes measured on Paracyprideis pseudopunctillata of sediment core BP00-07/05. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.124312
- Simstich, J; Stanovoy, VV; Bauch, D et al. (2008): Benthic foraminifera distribution of sediment core BP00-07/05. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.676735