Hailwood, Ernie A; Vashisht, N (1991): Paleomagnetic of igneous rocks of ODP Leg 114. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.754483, Supplement to: Hailwood, EA; Vashisht, N (1991): Paleomagnetism of igneous rocks drilled on Leg 114. In: Ciesielski, PF; Kristoffersen, Y; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 114, 387-406, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.114.157.1991
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A paleomagnetic study was made of 12 samples of trachytic basalt from the base of ODP Hole 698A on the Northeast Georgia Rise (southwest Atlantic) and four samples of andesitic basalt and nine samples of volcanic breccia from the base of ODP Hole 703A on the Meteor Rise (southeast Atlantic). The magnetic intensities of the Hole 703A samples are anomalously low, possibly reflecting alteration effects. The mean magnetic intensity of the Hole 698A samples is high, and compatible with the model of Bleil and Petersen (1983) for the variation of magnetic intensity with age in oceanic basalts, involving progressive low-temperature oxidation of titanomagnetite to titanomaghemite for some 20 m.y. followed by inversion to intergrowths of magnetite and other Fe-Ti oxides during the subsequent 100 m.y. These results support the interpretation of the Hole 698A basalts as true oceanic basement of Late Cretaceous age rather than a younger intrusion.
Well-defined stable components of magnetization were identified from AF and thermal demagnetization of the Hole 698A basalts, and less well-defined components were identified for the Hole 703A samples. Studies of the magnetic homogeneity of the Hole 698A basalts, involving harmonic analysis of the spinner magnetometer output, indicate the presence of an unevenly distributed low-coercivity component superimposed on the more homogeneous high-coercivity characteristic magnetization. The former component is believed to reside in irregularly distributed multidomain magnetite grains formed along cracks within the basalt, whilst the latter resides in more uniformly distributed finer magnetic grains.
The inclination values for the high-coercivity magnetization of five Hole 698A basalt samples form an internally consistent set with a mean value of 59° ± 5°. The corresponding Late Cretaceous paleolatitude of 40° ± 5° is shallower than expected for this site but is broadly compatible with models for the opening of the South Atlantic involving pivoting of South America away from Africa since the Early Cretaceous.
The polarity of the stable characteristic magnetization of the Site 698 basalts is normal. This is consistent with their emplacement during the long Campanian to Maestrichtian normal polarity Chron C33N.
Median Latitude: -49.255000 * Median Longitude: -12.602300 * South-bound Latitude: -51.459000 * West-bound Longitude: -33.099300 * North-bound Latitude: -47.051000 * East-bound Longitude: 7.894700
Date/Time Start: 1987-03-16T13:05:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-04-24T07:14:00
114-698A * Latitude: -51.459000 * Longitude: -33.099300 * Date/Time Start: 1987-03-16T13:05:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-03-19T21:29:00 * Elevation: -2138.0 m * Penetration: 237 m * Recovery: 52.26 m * Location: South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg114 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 27 cores; 237 m cored; 0 m drilled; 22.1 % recovery
114-703A * Latitude: -47.051000 * Longitude: 7.894700 * Date/Time Start: 1987-04-21T04:59:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-04-24T07:14:00 * Elevation: -1807.0 m * Penetration: 377.4 m * Recovery: 192.29 m * Location: South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg114 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 41 core; 377.4 m cored; 0 m drilled; 51 % recovery
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Hailwood, EA; Vashisht, N (1991): (Table 2) Principal components of remanent magnetization identified from thermal demagnetization, ODP Hole 114-698A. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.754480
- Hailwood, EA; Vashisht, N (1991): (Table 5) Magnetic intensity, susceptibility, Koenigsberger ration, and MDF values of ODP Leg 114 samples. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.754481
- Hailwood, EA; Vashisht, N (1991): (Table 6) Viscosity of ODP Hole 114-703A samples. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.754482