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Gieskes, Joris M; Blanc, Gérard; Vrolijk, Peter J; Elderfield, Henry; Barnes, Ross (1990): Interstitial water chemistry of ODP Leg 110 holes. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Gieskes, JM et al. (1990): Interstitial water chemistry - major constituents. In: Moore, JC; Mascle, A; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 110, 155-178,

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Major-element compositions (Cl-, SO4[2-], Ca2+, Mg2+ , Li+ , K+, Na+ , Sr2+) of interstitial waters obtained from sediment cores along the ODP Leg 110 transect across the Northern Barbados accretionary prism have shown that a complex set of geochemical processes are of importance in this area. In the volcanic ash-rich Pleistocene-Pliocene sediments, alteration reactions involving volcanic ash lead to depletions of Mg2+ and K+. This process is confirmed by the much lower than contemporaneous seawater values of the 87Sr/86Sr ratios of dissolved strontium. In the deeper sediments recovered below the zone of decollement (Sites 671 and 672) large increases in Ca2+ and gradual decreases in Mg2+ , Na+, and d18O (H2O) indicate a potential contribution to the interstitial water chemistry by exchange with underlying basement rocks. This process has been hard to confirm because the drill holes were terminated well short of reaching basement. However, the concentration gradient pattern is consistent with observations in a large number of DSDP drill holes. Finally, but most importantly, low Cl- concentrations in the decollement zone and underlying sand layers, as well as in fault zones at Sites 673 and 674, indicate dilution of interstitial waters. The potential origins of the low Cl- concentrations are discussed, though we are not able to distinguish any mechanism in particular. Our evidence supports the concept of water migration along the decollement and through the underlying sandstones as well as along recent fault zones in the accretionary complex. Interstitial water concentration depth profiles are affected by faulting, thrusting, and overturn processes in the accretionary prism. These processes have caused a diminished diffusive exchange with the overlying ocean, thus explaining increased depletions in Mg2+ and SO4[2-] in sites farther onto the accretionary prism.
Median Latitude: 15.536197 * Median Longitude: -58.752866 * South-bound Latitude: 15.525800 * West-bound Longitude: -58.851500 * North-bound Latitude: 15.540000 * East-bound Longitude: -58.641000
Date/Time Start: 1986-06-28T12:45:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-08-14T00:30:00
110-671B * Latitude: 15.525800 * Longitude: -58.732500 * Date/Time Start: 1986-06-28T12:45:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-07-10T23:15:00 * Elevation: -4942.0 m * Penetration: 691.2 m * Recovery: 553.13 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg110 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 74 cores; 691.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 80 % recovery
110-672A * Latitude: 15.540000 * Longitude: -58.641000 * Date/Time Start: 1986-07-15T11:10:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-07-22T12:15:00 * Elevation: -4984.0 m * Penetration: 493.8 m * Recovery: 382.62 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg110 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 53 cores; 493.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 77.5 % recovery
110-673A * Latitude: 15.531700 * Longitude: -58.810000 * Date/Time Start: 1986-07-22T18:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-07-23T23:00:00 * Elevation: -4678.0 m * Penetration: 36.4 m * Recovery: 33.33 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg110 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 4 cores; 36.4 m cored; 0 m drilled; 91.6 % recovery
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