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Müller, Daniel W; Müller, Paul A; McKenzie, Judith A (1990): Strontium isotopic ratios of evaporites of the Tyrrhenian Sea. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.746166, Supplement to: Müller, DW et al. (1990): Strontium isotopic ratios as fluid tracers in Messinian evaporites of the Tyrrhenian Sea (western Mediterranean Sea). In: Kastens, KA; Mascle, J; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 107, 603-614, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.107.194.1990

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Abstract:
Strontium isotopic ratios of gypsums recovered from upper Miocene (Messinian) evaporites at ODP Leg 107 Holes 652A, 653B, and 654A (Tyrrhenian Sea) are lower than expected. The values for the Messinian balatino-like gypsum, single gypsum crystals, and anhydrites range from 0.70861 to 0.70886 and are approximately 25 * 10**-5 less than would be expected for evaporites precipitated from Messinian seawater (0.70891-0.70902). Pre-evaporitic planktonic foraminifers from Hole 654A show variable degrees of dolomitization and 87Sr/86Sr values that irregularly decrease upward from normal marine values approximately 81m below the lowest evaporite occurrence. This suggests diagenetic alteration by advecting interstitial water with a low 87Sr/86Sr ratio or that the lower Sr isotopic ratios for the Messinian evaporites could have resulted from a greater influence of fresh water on the Sr isotopic composition of the desiccating Tyrrhenian Sea. Fluctuations of the 87Sr/86Sr-ratio for evaporites in the sedimentary cycles recognized for Holes 653B and 654A, the generally low Sr isotopic ratio of river water entering the Mediterranean Sea, and the presence of dwarf marine microfossils suggest that the 87Sr/86Sr ratio of the evaporites responded to hydrologic variations in a very restricted basin with variable rates of marine and fresh water input. The strontium isotopic ratios of the Messinian anhydrites from the proposed lacustrine sequence at Hole 652A fall in the same range as the marine evaporites from Holes 654A and 653B. This suggests a common or similar origin of the brines at the three locations.
The complex depositional and hydrologic conditions in the Mediterranean during the Messinian salinity crisis preclude the use of Sr isotopic values from the evaporites for stratigraphic correlation and dating. They are, however, very useful in the interpretation of the depositional history of the basin. General calculations assuming a closed system suggest that the 87Sr/86Sr ratio of Messinian seawater (-0.7090) could be reduced to that of the evaporites (-0.7087) by mixing with fresh water (e.g., Nile River) in times of 10**4 to 10**5 yr.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 40.531362 * Median Longitude: 10.892167 * South-bound Latitude: 40.264300 * West-bound Longitude: 10.696700 * North-bound Latitude: 40.579300 * East-bound Longitude: 12.143200
Date/Time Start: 1986-01-18T08:20:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-02-08T15:15:00
Event(s):
107-652A * Latitude: 40.355000 * Longitude: 12.143200 * Date/Time Start: 1986-01-18T08:20:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-01-28T21:30:00 * Elevation: -3446.0 m * Penetration: 721.1 m * Recovery: 445.3 m * Location: Tirreno Sea * Campaign: Leg107 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 75 cores; 721.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 61.8 % recovery
107-653B * Latitude: 40.264300 * Longitude: 11.449200 * Date/Time Start: 1986-01-31T15:38:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-02-03T03:55:00 * Elevation: -2817.0 m * Penetration: 264.3 m * Recovery: 219.08 m * Location: Tirreno Sea * Campaign: Leg107 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 28 cores; 264.3 m cored; 0 m drilled; 82.9 % recovery
107-654A * Latitude: 40.579300 * Longitude: 10.696700 * Date/Time Start: 1986-02-03T10:40:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-02-08T15:15:00 * Elevation: -2208.0 m * Penetration: 473.8 m * Recovery: 239.84 m * Location: Tirreno Sea * Campaign: Leg107 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 52 cores; 473.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 50.6 % recovery
Size:
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