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Ito, M; Vorndran, G (1983): Tab. 1: Proportion of glacial quartz grains contained in the deposits. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Ito, M; Vorndran, G (1983): Glacial Geomorphology and Snow-Lines of Younger Quaternary around the Yari-Hotaka Mountain Range, Northern Alps, Central Japan. Polarforschung, 53(1), 75-89, hdl:10013/epic.29529.d001

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The Yari-Hotaka Mountain Range is one of the most famous formerly-glaciated areas of Japan. Many glacial landforms remain in three neighbouring U-shaped valleys, named Yarisawa, Yokoo and Migimata. Moraines and outwash terraces can be classified into four groups according to their location and to the amount of glacial quartz grains contained in the deposits. A glaciation is proved for other parts of the Northern Japanese Alps before 100 000 years B.P., but not for the Yari-Hotaka Mountain Range, because the corresponding glacial landforms cannot be found here. The oldest known Ichinomata stage before and after 60 000 years B.P. corresponds to the Yokoo glacial which is proved wirhin the whole Japanese Alps. The three younger stages, Babadaira stage (before 30 000 years B.P.), Yarisawa stage I (about 30000 years B.P.) and Yarisawa stage II (about 15000 years B.P.), belong to the Karasawa glacial. About 10 000 years B.P. the glaciers melted away. At all times the relief-influence was especially important for Ihe mass-balances of Japanese glaciers. Wind-drifted snow from the west-exposed windward slopes to the slopes in eastern (lee) exposition, and a voluminous snow accumulation by avalanches from the high rocky walls onto the glacier surfaces beneath, caused very low situated glaciers as well as low equilibrium-lines. In most cases the snow-lines were situated 100 m or more above the equilibrium-lines. During the Ichinomata stage the snow-line reached an altitude of 2400-2450 m. It rose about 100 m to the Babadaira stage, 300 m to Yarisawa stage I and about 450 m to Yarisawa stage II. At present the snow-line is situated above the Northern Japanese Alps at over 4000 m. Therefore only perennial snow-patches exist. If the snow-line would go down by a few hundred meters, this region would be highly interesting Ifor studies on the beginning of mountain glaciation.
Latitude: 36.340000 * Longitude: 137.650000
Minimum ELEVATION: 1680 m a.s.l. * Maximum ELEVATION: 2850 m a.s.l.
Yari-Hotaka (Mountain Range) * Latitude: 36.340000 * Longitude: 137.650000 * Location: Japan * Method/Device: Geological sample (GEOS) * Comment: Yari-Hotaka Mountain Range is located in the south-central part of the Northern Japanese Alps.
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Area/localityAreaIto, M
2SiteSiteIto, Maccording to fig. 2
3ELEVATIONElevationm a.s.l.Geocode
4Grains, counted/analyzedGrains#Ito, MCountingQuartz sand total
5Grains, counted/analyzedGrains#Ito, MCountingQuartz sand glacial
6SandSand%Ito, MScanning electron microscope (SEM)Glacial
7NameNameIto, Mof moraine
94 data points

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