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Cita, Maria Bianca; Santambrogio, Sergio; Melillo, Beatrice; Rogate, Francesca (1990): Composition of Messinian sediments from the Tyrrhenian Sea. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Cita, MB et al. (1990): Messinian paleoenvironments: new evidence from the Tyrrhenian Sea (ODP Leg 107). In: Kastens, KA; Mascle, J; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 107, 211-227,

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The data base for this study is represented by essentially nonevaporitic Messinian sediments recovered at ODP Sites 654, 653, 652, and 656 along the eastern Sardinian margin, and of the overlying early Pliocene oozes. Grain-size distribution, carbonate content, and microscopic observation of the sand size fractions were investigated.
Messinian paleoenvironments, documented in the western Tyrrhenian Sea (ODP Sites 654 and 653), provide additional evidence supporting the deep basin desiccation model. A sharp lithologic contrast between early Pliocene pelagic oozes and latest Messinian conformable gypsiferous silts supports this model. The "lago-mare" biofacies was only occasionally observed in the shallowest site and is limited to the topmost part of the Messinian.
Sites 652 and 656, lying in the deeper part of the Tyrrhenian and located on the downthrown side of an important eastward dipping fault system known as "Faglia centrale" are characterized by terrigenous sedimentation, with partly recycled minor evaporites. Of special interest is Site 652, where the thickness of the (probable) Messinian is 530 m. Sedimentary characters indicate a permanently subaqueous but nonmarine environment, with turbidites accumulating in a rapidly subsiding basin.
According to the model proposed, this basin was fed by continental waters during times of maximum evaporitic draw-down, with temporary marine incursions from the west or southwest when the water level was higher. A basement ridge separated the evaporating pond from this endoreic lake located on the opposite (eastern) margin of the Tyrrhenian Basin, which was then limited to its western part. Post-Messinian reactivation of the "Faglia centrale" is necessary to account for the inversion of the relief.
Median Latitude: 40.345750 * Median Longitude: 11.618225 * South-bound Latitude: 40.184400 * West-bound Longitude: 10.696700 * North-bound Latitude: 40.579300 * East-bound Longitude: 12.183800
Date/Time Start: 1986-01-18T08:20:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-02-15T14:00:00
107-652A * Latitude: 40.355000 * Longitude: 12.143200 * Date/Time Start: 1986-01-18T08:20:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-01-28T21:30:00 * Elevation: -3446.0 m * Penetration: 721.1 m * Recovery: 445.3 m * Location: Tirreno Sea * Campaign: Leg107 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 75 cores; 721.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 61.8 % recovery
107-653B * Latitude: 40.264300 * Longitude: 11.449200 * Date/Time Start: 1986-01-31T15:38:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-02-03T03:55:00 * Elevation: -2817.0 m * Penetration: 264.3 m * Recovery: 219.08 m * Location: Tirreno Sea * Campaign: Leg107 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 28 cores; 264.3 m cored; 0 m drilled; 82.9 % recovery
107-654A * Latitude: 40.579300 * Longitude: 10.696700 * Date/Time Start: 1986-02-03T10:40:00 * Date/Time End: 1986-02-08T15:15:00 * Elevation: -2208.0 m * Penetration: 473.8 m * Recovery: 239.84 m * Location: Tirreno Sea * Campaign: Leg107 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 52 cores; 473.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 50.6 % recovery
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